Publications

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2021
Buciuniene, Ilona, Bernadeta Goštautaitė, António B. Moniz, and Irina Liubertė. "Hiring robots: How HRM shapes the development of human capital." In 36th Workshop on Strategic Human Resource Management. online: European Institute for Advanced Studies in Management, 2021.programme_may_27-28_2021_eism.pdf
Baumann, Manuel, Jens Peters, Hüseyin Ersoy, Marcel Weil, Guy Fournier, António B. Moniz, and Nelson Chibeles Martins. "Decision making support for the selection of stationary batteries." In Energy Transition and Sustainability Conference (APEEN 2021). online: CENSE, 2021.
Krings, Bettina-Johanna, António B. Moniz, and Philipp Frey. "Technology as enabler of the automation of work? Current societal challenges for a future perspective of work." Revista Brasileira de Sociologia 9 (2021): 206-229. Abstract806-1705-1-pb_revbrassociologia.pdfWebsite

Due to the innovative possibilities of digital technologies, the issue of increasing automation is once again on the agenda – and not only in the industry, but also in other branches and sectors of contemporary societies. Although public and scientific discussions about automation seem to raise relevant questions of the “old” debate, such as the replacement of human labor by introducing new technologies, the authors focus here on the new contextual quality of these questions. The debate should rethink the relationship between technology and work with regard to quantitative and qualitative changes in work. In this article, our example will be the introduction of automation in industry, which has been reflected in the widely recognized study by Frey and Osborne in 2013. They estimated the expected impacts of future computerization on US labor market outcomes as very high, specifically regarding the number of jobs at risk. Surprisingly, this study was the starting point of an intensive international debate on the impact of technologies on the future of work and the role of technological change in working environments. Thus, according to the authors, “old” questions remain important, but they should be reinterpreted for “new” societal demands and expectations of future models of work.

2020
Brandao Moniz, António. Teletrabalho em tempos de pandemia In esquerda.net., 2020. Abstract

Será que esta pandemia está a dar velocidade à transição digital, nomeadamente com o teletrabalho? Ou será que, apesar do confinamento durante cerca de 3 meses, o recurso ao teletrabalho foi feito sem grande regulamentação, cuidado ou negociação?

Brandao Moniz, António. Digitalização e pandemia In basefut.pt., 2020.
Moniz, António B. "The problem definition and the research design in Technology Assessment." In Congreso Internacional en Gestión Competitiva, Tecnología y Inovación (CIGECOM 2020). online: Universidad de Querátaro, 2020.
Boavida, Nuno, and António Brandão Moniz. "Virtual work in Portugal: a literature review." International Journal on Working Conditions (2020): 1-15.Website
2019
Brandao Moniz, António, and Bettina-Johanna Krings. "Social conditions of human-machine interaction: decision, control, qualilification." In Kolloquium at Weizenbaum Institute (2019). Berlin: Weizenbaum Institute, WZB, 2019. Abstract

Due to the ongoing technical advancements in robotics, new organizational and occupational impacts are expected in different sectors. The contribution of António Moniz and Bettina-Johanna Krings focuses on the social conditions under which technology is embedded into production processes. Thus, social distribution processes, demographic change, sustainability becomes more and more important when reflecting about "technology futures".
In particular they will ask:
How does automation change work & working conditions?
Which expectations on technology are strengthen-ing the concepts of work?
Which regulations and ethics principles must be considered (safety, autonomy, control)?
Which new competences and qualification dimen-sions will be raised for non-routine tasks in auto-mated environments?
Which new types of human-machine interaction can be developed with increased cyber-physical system application at the shopfloor?

Brandao Moniz, António. "Emerging problems of human-machine interaction and innovative solutions." In Séminaire CRAN-Centre de Recherche en Automatique de Nancy. Nancy: Université de Nancy, 2019.
Sanz de Miguel, P., C. Jørgensen, U. Papouschek, L. Osila, Nuno Boavida, and António B. Moniz. Deep View: Comparative Report. Preliminary findings: Desk research. Brussels: European Commission, DG EMP, 2019. Abstractcomparativereport_deepview.pdf

This preliminary report presents the outcomes of desk research, which was oriented to obtain a clear picture of the ‘state of the art’ in the involved countries and sectors. The report first reviews the main concepts and categories used to approach the topic and provides a definition of virtual work. Second, it describes the incidence and features of virtual work based on both European and national surveys. Third, it reviews previous research outcomes on the effects of virtual work on working conditions at national and sectoral level. Fourth, it analyses national approach to regulate virtual work. Fifth, the report addresses main institutional features of industrial relations in the three sectors and five countries; and the role played by social dialogue and collective bargaining at sectoral and company level to regulate working conditions of virtual workers.

Brandao Moniz, António. "Occupation safety in automated environments: needs and consequences." In International Symposium on Occupational Safety and Hygiene (SHO 2019). Guimarães: University of Minho, 2019.programa-sho2019-bw-para-a5_vnc-1.pdf
Boavida, Nuno, and António B. Moniz. Work in digital platforms: Literature review and preliminary interviews in Portugal. Lisbon: CICS.NOVA, 2019.
Brandao Moniz, António. "Aspects sociaux de l’automation: le cas des défis organisationnelles de la robotisation en industrie." In Workshop “L’industrie du futur”. Metz: EINSAM Metz, 2019.
Boavida, Nuno, António Moniz, Juan Aransanz, Pablo Sanz de Miguel, Maria Caprile, Julia Frias, Linda Nierling, Bettina-Johanna Krings, Leon Küstermann, Csaba Makó, Miklós Illéssy, and Katalin Bácsi. Work in digital platforms: Literature review from Germany, Hungary, Portugal and Spain. Lisbon: CICS.NOVA, 2019. Abstract

This 1st Report of the project CrowdWork21 presents a summary of the information collected about workers in digital platforms by country (German, Hungary, Portugal and Spain). Each national report describes first the scientific debates about workers of digital platforms. After, the reports present the information collected about the national public debates and identifies the angles normally covered by the media in relation to the organisation of digital workers. Lastly, the reports present initial conclusions about the information collected in each country.

Boavida, Nuno, and António Brandão Moniz. Project Deep View: Concluding report for Portugal. Lisbon: CICS.NOVA, 2019.
Moniz, António B., Irina Liubertė, Bernadeta Goštautaitė, Živilė Stankevičiūtė, Trish Reay, Eglė Staniškienė, and Ilona Bučiūnienė. The Human Side of Robots and the Robot Side of Us In International Conference on Organisational Learning, Knowledge and Capabilities. Brighton, 2019.
Moniz, António B. "New horizons on robotics: ethics challenges." In Ethics, Science and Society: Challenges for BioPolitics, edited by Maria Céu do Patrão Neves, 57-67. Lisboa: FLAD, 2019.
Moniz, António B. "O trabalho e a automatização: desafios de hoje [Work and automation: today's challenges]." Manifesto - Temas Sociais e Politicos 2 (2019): 130-135.
Moniz, António Brandão. Research and Development, Innovation and Industrial Integration in Portugal: a success story? In Session plénière solennelle: Recherche-développement, innovation technologique et industrialisation. Rabat: Académie Hassan II des Sciences et Techniques, 2019. Abstract

In recent years, statistical data revealed a strong dynamism in terms of Research and Development (R&D) growth, of development of innovation structures and emergence of programs, and a growth in terms of industrial integration. However, the political and financial changes from 2007 at the global level revealed as well how fragile are these
outcomes in terms of sustainable development strategy, and how far dependent are from the external markets and political structures. Based on the available information and data, we will present the changes observed in recent years, and understand how the industrial integration can be achieved with clear linkages to the national innovation system and the importance of R&D policy to structure the articulation between innovation and the economic market. The challenges and potential problems can be anticipated if the social implications are also present on the policy options, and if clear technology assessment procedures are taken. When this does not occur, the probability of endogenization of innovation and R&D will become problematic. For these reasons it can be difficult to talk
about a “success story” when all these elements are not considered as a whole and are only seen through very specific angles and with very specialized approaches.

Baumann, Manuel, Marcel Weil, Jens Peters, António Brandão Moniz, and Nelson C. Martins. "A review of multi-criteria decision making approaches for evaluating energy storage systems for grid applications." Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 107 (2019): 516-534. AbstractWebsite

Energy storage systems (ESS) are seen as one of the main pillars for a renewable-based energy system. Selecting the most suitable and sustainable ESS for a given project is a problem that involves multiple stakeholders with quite often diverging objectives that cannot all be fulfilled by a single technology. Several studies are available that tackle this problem applying multi-criteria decision analysis (MCDA). However, these use very different Multi-Attribute Decision Making (MADM) approaches, criteria and goals for decision support, why their results are difficult to compare or to reproduce. This work presents a review of existing MCDA-literature using MADM as a tool for sustainability evaluation of grid-tied ESS. Available studies are summarized, the goals, used MADM methods, and quantification of criteria are analyzed and discussed to provide tentative recommendations. The reviewed studies cover multiple technologies ranging from electrochemical, mechanical or electric ESS. Considered criteria are mainly structured around technology, economy, society, and environment, comprising a high number of individual sub-criteria. The aggregation of these criteria is mainly realized through the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) in combination with a wide set of other methods. The quantification of various criteria is often based on different literature sources wherein context-free data for cost, and environmental impacts are used, leading in some cases to inconsistent comparisons in the assessments. Only in a few cases, assessments are linked to specific application requirements, which are decisive factors for the design of an ESS. A minority of the reviewed works include a representative set of decision-makers in their approaches, wherein the number or type of participants is often not communicated transparently. Therefore, most of the studies are considered to have a limited orientation towards practical decision making, but they provide valuable information regarding MADM method development.

2018
Ferrari, Arianna, Brandão A. Moniz, Christopher Coenen, Daniel Frank, Helge Torgersen, Leonhard Hennen, Ingrid Geesink, and Emilio Mordini. Additive bio-manufacturing: 3D printing for medical recovery and human enhancement. Strasbourg: European Parliament, 2018. Abstract

Additive manufacturing (commonly known as 3D printing or rapid prototyping) refers to processes used to produce parts in an additive manner by means of computer-aided design (CAD). While additive manufacturing is a technology that can be used in many different application areas, this project focuses on future trends in additive manufacturing (AM) aimed at improving biological functionality (bio-AM) and on its opportunities, barriers and challenges. The big advantage of this technique is that small batches can be produced more economically than with any other manufacturing process. Virtually any structure can be customized, which is particularly important in the healthcare sector. Possible applications include biological implants such as organs and tissues, nutrients, drugs and their transport mechanisms, equipment such as surgical knives and drilling guides, tissues for research, development and training, and personalized prostheses, supports and exoskeletons. Besides exploring such applications, the project will also systematically analyze potential "human enhancement" uses of AM technology and developments in the emerging do-it-yourself (DIY) cultures ("bio/body-hacking"; cyborgism; open source 3D printing movement).

In the first phase of the project, the technological state of the art will be analyzed, as will a wide variety of non-technical aspects, regulatory issues and future trends, also with a special focus on sociotechnical imaginaries (e.g., in science fiction), human enhancement and DIY cultures. This horizon scanning will be accomplished partly by means of expert and stakeholder interviews.

In the second phase, the project will use a variety of foresight and technology assessment methods and will carry out a 360° envisioning exercise with contributions by external experts, entailing an in-depth analysis of selected applications of bio-AM.

The project work will end with a scenario development phase in which the focus will be on likely outcomes of already emerging developments, though further-reaching future perspectives will be taken into account to a certain extent. Taken together, these scenarios will allow for both a broader understanding of the wide range of potential impacts of AM applications and a clearer picture of potential policy challenges relevant to the Members of the European Parliament.

Moniz, António B. "Cenários sobre o futuro do trabalho: avaliação das implicações tecnológicas [Scenarios on the Future of Work: Assessment of technological implications]." In Prospetiva Estratégica – Teoria, Métodos e Casos Reais [Strategic Foresight – Theory, Methods and Real cases], edited by José Saragoça, Carlos A. Silva and Joaquim Fialho, 173-197. Lisboa: Ed. Silabo, 2018.
Moniz, António B., and Philipp Frey. "Mudança tecnológica: o que a esquerda pode aprender com a Teoría Crítica." Crítica Económica e Social 17 (2018): 4-13.critica17.pdfWebsite
Moniz, António B. Robótica e Trabalho: o futuro hoje (Robotics and Work: The future today). Lisbon: Glaciar Ed., 2018. AbstractWebsite

Approaching the topic of robotics-work relation in a general and international context enables the possibility to know more about the impacts in different sectors. In this book the main discussion themes are followed in order to understand which the main dimensions are included in such debate. In that way, it becomes possible to understand the possible answers and available alternatives.
The book follows the themes of relation between employment and technology, the automation as rationalization process and robotics as a technology reference. The other topics are the emergence of ethical, legal and social aspects of this technology, the development that can be perceived in the case of Portugal, and the conclusions about the limits and perspectives of new robotic developments.
This edition has empirical information on the Portuguese case and also includes data from the main resources of the global debate on this issue: the new developments of automation and its relation with the work content and employment.
The author underlined the importance of the contribute that he got from the discussions at the ITAS Working Group on Robotics Technology Assessment, and at the ITAS Research Group on Technology and Work, in Germany, and at the Observatory of Technology Assessment at CICS.NOVA in Portugal. The book is include in a series supported by the Portuguese-American Foundation for Development (FLAD) and was published by Glaciar.

Moniz, António B., Bettina-Johanna Krings, and Philipp Frey. "Technology and work." TATuP - Zeitschrift für Technikfolgenabschätzung in Theorie und Praxis 27 (2018): 69-70.Website