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Farham, Babak, Flávio Craveiro, António Brandão Moniz, and Andreas Seebacher. Impact of Urban Morphology on Energy Consumption: An Approach Towards Sustainability In Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Water Energy Food and Sustainability (ICoWEFS 2023). Cham: Springer Proceedings in Earth and Environmental Sciences, 2024. Abstract

Political and economic crises and issues such as global warming, decreased fossil fuel reserves, environmental pollutions and acid rains are just some of the problems caused by improper energy consumption. Energy efficiency optimization with the right policy and definition of accurate scientific methods proven in energy consumption includes planning, enforcement, organizing permanent control, and continuously reviewing technology upgrades. Additionally, developing legal solutions to implement these programs prevents the destruction and waste of energy resources and reduces the side effects of improper energy consumption. The shape of the city and its components can affect the city’s quality and its spaces, as well as the air quality change, creating a particular climate in their area, causing phenomena such as heat islands, dust, rain, albedo, atmospheric inversion, and some others. By making changes in the shape of the city, both on a large scale and a micro-scale, atmospheric currents and, consequently, air quality in cities can be improved. Urban morphological indicators, including building height, building type, occupancy level, segmentation, block size, block shape, density, and urban green, can affect the weather and climate conditions outside and inside the building and, thus, the energy demand in the areas. By creating effective reforms in the model of configuration of the urban regions, including the pattern of land fragmentation, the physical characteristics of buildings, the network of passages and open spaces, it is possible to increase the energy efficiency of buildings in the long term in the regional(synoptic) climatic conditions of the city and the neighbourhood.

Viegas, M. C., António Moniz, and P. T. Santos. "Artisanal fishermen contribution for the integrated and sustainable coastal management - application of strategic SWOT analysis." Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 2014 (2014): 257-267.Website