{Structural analysis and potential immunostimulatory activity of Nannochloropsis oculata polysaccharides.}

Pandeirada, Carolina O., Élia Maricato, Sónia S. Ferreira, Viviana G. Correia, Benedita A. Pinheiro, Dmitry V. Evtuguin, Angelina S. Palma, Alexandra Correia, Manuel Vilanova, Manuel A. Coimbra, and Cláudia Nunes. "{Structural analysis and potential immunostimulatory activity of Nannochloropsis oculata polysaccharides.}." Carbohydrate polymers. 222 (2019): 114962.


The relevance of microalgae biotechnology for producing high-value compounds with biomedical application, such as polysaccharides, has been increasing. Despite this, the knowledge about the composition and structure of microalgae polysaccharides is still scarce. In this work, water-soluble polysaccharides from Nannochloropsis oculata were extracted, fractionated, structurally analysed, and subsequently tested in terms of immunostimulatory activity. A combination of sugar and methylation analysis with interaction data of carbohydrate-binding proteins using carbohydrate microarrays disclosed the complex structural features of the different polysaccharides. These analyses showed that the water-soluble polysaccharides fractions from N. oculata were rich in ($\beta$1→3, $\beta$1→4)-glucans, ($\alpha$1→3)-, ($\alpha$1→4)-mannans, and anionic sulphated heterorhamnans. The immunostimulatory assay highlighted that these fractions could also stimulate murine B-lymphocytes. Thus, the N. oculata water-soluble polysaccharides show potential to be further explored for immune-mediated biomedical applications.