Export 35 results:
Sort by: [ Author  (Asc)] Title Type Year
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z 
Pereira, P., H. Fino, and M. Ventim-Neves, "RF Varactor Design Based on Evolutionary Algorithms", Mixed Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems (MIXDES), 2012 Proceedings of the 19th International Conference, Warsaw, Poland, pp. 277 -282, may, 2012. Abstract

This paper introduces an optimization methodology for the design of RF varactors. The characterization of the varactor behaviour is supported by a set of equations based on technological parameters, granting the accuracy of the results, as well as the adaptability of the model to any technology. The varactor design is achieved through the implementation of a Genetic Algorithms (GA) optimization methodology, which is able to deal with continuous and/or discrete variables, making possible to suit both technological and layout constraints. A set of working examples for UMC130 technology are addressed. The results presented, spotlight the potential of varactor analytical model, combined with a GA optimization procedure, when integrated in optimization design tools. The accuracy of the results is checked against HSPICE simulator.

Pereira, P., S. Valtchev, J. Pina, A. Gonçalves, V. M. Neves, and A. L. Rodrigues, "Power electronics performance in cryogenic environment: evaluation for use in HTS power devices", Journal of Physics: Conference Series, vol. 97, no. 1, pp. 012219, 2008. AbstractWebsite

Power electronics (PE) plays a major role in electrical devices and systems, namely in electromechanical drives, in motor and generator controllers, and in power grids, including high-voltage DC (HVDC) power transmission. PE is also used in devices for the protection against grid disturbances, like voltage sags or power breakdowns. To cope with these disturbances, back-up energy storage devices are used, like uninterruptible power supplies (UPS) and flywheels. Some of these devices may use superconductivity. Commercial PE semiconductor devices (power diodes, power MOSFETs, IGBTs, power Darlington transistors and others) are rarely (or never) experimented for cryogenic temperatures, even when designed for military applications. This means that its integration with HTS power devices is usually done in the hot environment, raising several implementation restrictions. These reasons led to the natural desire of characterising PE under extreme conditions, e. g. at liquid nitrogen temperatures, for use in HTS devices. Some researchers expect that cryogenic temperatures may increase power electronics' performance when compared with room-temperature operation, namely reducing conduction losses and switching time. Also the overall system efficiency may increase due to improved properties of semiconductor materials at low temperatures, reduced losses, and removal of dissipation elements. In this work, steady state operation of commercial PE semiconductors and devices were investigated at liquid nitrogen and room temperatures. Performances in cryogenic and room temperatures are compared. Results help to decide which environment is to be used for different power HTS applications.

Pina, J. M., P. Pereira, D. Valadas, J. M. Ceballos, and A. Alvarez, "Sand Pile Modeling of Multiseeded HTS Bulk Superconductors: Current Densities Identification by Genetic Algorithms", IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, vol. 23, issue 3, pp. 8000804 - 8000804, June, 2013. AbstractWebsite

The sand pile model, in conjunction with Bean model, is often applied to describe single grain bulk superconductors. However, in several applications such as electric motors, multiseeded bulks are needed, due to the need to increase sample dimensions. In this paper, an extension of the sand pile model is presented in order to manage this type of materials. Multiseeded HTS bulk superconductors, produced, e.g., by the top-seeded melt growth process, are characterized by intra- and intergrain currents, and these are reflected in the model. However, identifying these currents from flux density measurements is not straightforward, when considering more than one grain. In fact, the number of currents increases with the number of grains, and these have to be identified from the measured field surface. A method to identify these currents based on genetic algorithms is validated with artificial data and then used in real measurements.

Pina, J. M., D. Inacio, G. Luis, J. M. Ceballos, P. Pereira, J. Martins, M. Ventim-Neves, A. Alvarez, and A. L. Rodrigues, "Research and Development of Alternative Concepts in HTS Machines", Applied Superconductivity, IEEE Transactions on, vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 1141 -1145, june, 2011. Abstract

High temperature superconducting (HTS) machines are recognized to offer several advantageous features when comparing to conventional ones. Amongst these, highlights the decrease in weight and volume of the machines, due to increased current density in conductors or the absence of iron slots' teeth; or the decrease in AC losses and consequent higher efficiency of the machines, even accounting for cryogenics. These concepts have been already demonstrated and some machines have even achieved commercial stage. In this paper, several alternative approaches are applied to electrical motors employing HTS materials. The first one is an all superconducting linear motor, where copper conductors and permanent magnets are replaced by Bi-2223 windings and trapped flux magnets, taking advantage of stable levitation due to flux pinning, higher current densities and higher excitation field. The second is an induction disk motor with Bi-2223 armature, where iron, ironless and hybrid approaches are compared. Finally, an innovative command strategy, consisting of an electronically variable pole pairs' number approach, is applied to a superconducting hysteresis disk motor. All these concepts are being investigated and simulation and experimental results are presented.

Pina, J., P. Pereira, S. Valtchev, A. Gonçalves, V. M. Neves, A. Alvarez, and L. Rodrigues, "A test rig for thrust force measurements of an all HTS linear synchronous motor", Journal of Physics: Conference Series, vol. 97, no. 1, pp. 012220, 2008. AbstractWebsite

This paper presents the design of a test rig for an all HTS linear synchronous motor. Although this motor showed to have several unattractive characteristics, its design raised a number of problems which must be considered in future HTS machines design. HTS electromagnetic properties led to the development of new paradigms in electrical machines and power systems, as e. g. in some cases iron removal and consequent assembly of lighter devices. This is due to superconductor's ability to carry high currents with minimum losses and consequent generation in the surrounding air of flux densities much higher than the allowed by ferromagnetic saturation. However, severe restrictions in HTS power devices design that goes further beyond cryogenic considerations must be accounted in. This is usually the case when BSCCO tapes are used as conductors. Its bending limitations and the presence of flux components perpendicular to tape surface, due to the absence of iron, have to be considered for it may turn some possible applications not so attractive or even practically unfeasible. An all HTS linear synchronous motor built by BSCCO tapes as armature conductors and two trapped-flux YBCO bulks in the mover was constructed and thrust force measurements are starting to be performed. Although the device presents severe restrictions due to the exposed and other reasons, it allowed systematising its design. A pulsed-field magnetiser to generate opposite fluxes for both YBCO bulks is also detailed. Thrust force numerical predictions were already derived and presented.

Pina, J. M., P. Pereira, A. Pronto, P. Arsénio, and T. Silva, "Modelling and Simulation of Inductive Fault Current Limiters", Physics Procedia, vol. 36, pp. 1248 - 1253, 2012. AbstractWebsite

Inductive superconducting fault current limiters have already demonstrated their technical viability in electrical networks. Its architecture and robustness make them potentially adequate for distribution networks, and this type of devices is considered as an enabling technology for the advent of embedded generation with renewable energy sources. In order to promote the growth and maturity of these superconducting technologies, fast design tools must be developed, allowing simulating devices with different materials in grids with diverse characteristics. This work presents advances in the development of such tool, which, at present stage, is an effective alternative to software simulations by finite elements methods, reducing dramatically computation time. The algorithms are now compared with experimental results from a laboratory scale prototype, showing the need to refine them.

Ramos, N. R., P. Pereira, and J. F. Martins, "Smart-meter in power quality", 2017 International Young Engineers Forum (YEF-ECE), pp. 42-46, 5 May, 2017. Abstract

In this paper, an innovative approach for monitoring home electric power quality indicators is presented. Using an electric power analysis device (for this work purpose it will be a smart-meter) and a personal computer it is proved that it is possible to monitor and register electric power quality anomalies, such as long interruptions, voltage dips/swells and frequency oscillations. Through an application developed in Java, a user can view real-time electric parameters, check for electric power quality anomalies and assess load diagram of previous days. Experimental results regarding the application performance are also presented with the respective conclusions.

Sallem, A., P. Pereira, and M. Fakhfakh, "Automatic sensitivity analysis tool for analog active filter", 2017 24th IEEE International Conference on Electronics, Circuits and Systems (ICECS), pp. 124-127, Dec, 2017. Abstract

In this paper we deal with analog active filter design using discrete components taking into consideration tolerance effects. Sensitivity analysis is performed to determine the most influential components in the considered circuit, thus relative higher precision is offered to those parameters. Further, an in-loop optimization technique is considered, thus actual IC models are handled. An application example is presented. HSpice simulation results, supported by Monte Carlo analysis, are given to highlight efficiency of the proposed selection technique.

Sallem, A., and P. Pereira, "Sensitivity Analysis in the Optimization of Analog Active Filters by Applying the Richardson Extrapolation", Focus on Swarm Intelligence Research and Applications: Nova Science Publishers, pp. 247-275, 2017. Abstract

The key step of the analog active filter design is the optimal selection of component values due to manufactured series (E12, E24, E48, E96 and E192). In this paper, four simulation-based metaheuristics are applied to optimize four active filters using commercials available ICs as building blocks. The emphasis of this work is applying Richardson extrapolation-based sensitivity analysis in the optimization process of analog active filters. Indeed, Richardson extrapolation technique facilitates the calculation of the partial derivatives for the sensitivity using the simulation-based evaluation, without an explicit mathematical expression. Viability and benefits of the sensitivity analysis are highlighted. Monte Carlo analysis is performed in order to investigate robustness of the proposed sensitivity analysis of the active filters in case of component value variations due to specified tolerances of manufactured series.

Sallem, A., P. Pereira, H. M. Fino, and M. Fakhfakh, "A hybrid approach for the sensitivity analysis of integrated inductors", Integration, the \{VLSI\} Journal, pp. 1-6, 2015. AbstractWebsite

Abstract This paper proposes a hybrid methodology for the evaluation of integrated inductors sensitivity against technological/geometrical parameters variation. The obtained results are used in an optimization-based design environment for integrated inductors, as a way of guaranteeing that obtained solutions are robust against parameter variation. For the inductor characterization, a lumped element model is used, where each element value is evaluated through physics based equations. The sensitivity of the inductor characterization to parameter variations is evaluated at two levels. At the physical level, the sensitivity of the model element values to technological/geometrical parameters variations is computed through an equation-based strategy. Then, the sensitivity of the inductor characterization to the model parameter variations is obtained through a simulation-based approach, where the Richardson extrapolation technique is used for the calculation of the partial derivatives. Several examples considering the evaluation of sensitivity of both inductance and quality factor of two inductors in \{UMC130\} technology are presented. Obtained results are compared against Monte-Carlo simulations.