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Inacio, D., J. Murta Pina, P. Pereira, A. Pronto, M. Ventim Neves, and A. Alvarez, "Study of an axial flux disc motor with superconductor rotor", Compatibility and Power Electronics (CPE), 2015 9th International Conference on, Costa de Caparica, Portugal , pp. 488-493, June, 2015. Abstract

The integration of high temperature superconductors (HTS) in electrical machines potentially allows reduction in devices dimensions or performance improvement for the same active volume, when compared with their conventional ones. The use of polycrystalline HTS samples allows big bulk samples. An axial disc motor with HTS material or conventional aluminium in the rotor and conventional armature has been designed and developed. This paper describes simulations and laboratory experiments performed at liquid nitrogen temperature (77 K) in order to analyze the motor's behaviour and its electromechanical characteristics and to define an electric equivalent circuit that allows describing its operation. In order to evaluate the superconducting quality of the bulks and flux pinning phenomena, Hall probe mapping system was performed in order to define the field profiles at 77 K for different polar configurations. The analysis of the obtained results allows confirm the flux pinning phenomena, being the entire rotor magnetized and conclude that the motor with the HTS rotor behaves as a conventional hysteresis motor even though with a different nature, while the motor with aluminium rotor behaves as a conventional induction motor. In asynchronous regime, the HTS motor exhibits a constant torque, higher than the conventional aluminium one. For both cases, the developed torque is proportional to the poles pairs.