Structural, electrical and thermal properties of borosilicate glass-alumina composites

Lima, M. M. R. A. a, R. C. C. a Monteiro, M. P. F. b Graça, and M. G. c Ferreira Da Silva. "Structural, electrical and thermal properties of borosilicate glass-alumina composites." Journal of Alloys and Compounds. 538 (2012): 66-72.


Borosilicate glass-alumina composites with (1 - x) Glass + x Al 2O 3 (x = 0, 5, 10, 25 vol.%) were prepared and the effect of Al 2O 3 addition on the structural, electrical and thermal characteristics was investigated. XRD patterns revealed the presence of cristobalite (SiO 2) in sintered borosilicate glass and that the addition of Al 2O 3 hinders cristobalite formation. This behavior is due to the diffusion of some Al 3+ ions from alumina to glass, which leads to changes in glass structure and composition as identified by SEM/EDS. Cristobalite was undetected in composites containing 10% Al 2O 3 that attained the lowest thermal expansion coefficient value (∼4.6 × 10 -6 °C -1). Conductivity (dc and ac) increased with the amount of Al 3+ ions present in the glass structure as modifiers and formers. Dielectric constant values, in the range 5.0-7.2, increased with Al 2O 3 addition and the values of loss tan δ (1.5-2.1 × 10 -2) indicate that these materials are good insulators. © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


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