Ash from a pulp mill boiler-Characterisation and vitrification

Ribeiro, A. S. M. a, R. C. C. b Monteiro, E. J. R. a Davim, and M. H. V. a Fernandes. "Ash from a pulp mill boiler-Characterisation and vitrification." Journal of Hazardous Materials. 179 (2010): 303-308.


The physical, chemical and mineralogical characterisation of the ash resulting from a pulp mill boiler was performed in order to investigate the valorisation of this waste material through the production of added-value glassy materials. The ash had a particle size distribution in the range 0.06-53μm, and a high amount of SiO2 (∼82wt%), which was present as quartz. To favour the vitrification of the ash and to obtain a melt with an adequate viscosity to cast into a mould, different amounts of Na2O were added to act as fluxing agent. A batch with 80wt% waste load melted at 1350°C resulting in a homogeneous transparent green-coloured glass with good workability. The characterisation of the produced glass by differential thermal analysis and dilatometry showed that this glass presents a stable thermal behaviour. Standard leaching tests revealed that the concentration of heavy metals in the leaching solution was lower than those allowed by the Normative. As a conclusion, by vitrification of batch compositions with adequate waste load and additive content it is possible to produce an ash-based glass that may be used in similar applications as a conventional silicate glass inclusively as a building ecomaterial. © 2010 Elsevier B.V.


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