Panel data modeling of bank deposits

Costa, S., M. Faias, P. Júdice, and P. Mota. "Panel data modeling of bank deposits." Annals of Finance. 17 (2021): 247-264.


Studying the dynamics of deposits is important for three reasons: first, it serves as an important component of liquidity stress testing; second, it is crucial to asset-liability management exercises and the allocation between liquid and illiquid assets; third, it is the support for a liquidity at risk (LaR) methodology.

Current models are based on AR(1) processes that often underestimate liquidity risk. Thus a bank relying on those models may face failure in an event of crisis. We propose a novel approach for modeling deposits, using panel data and a momentum term.

The model enables the simulation of a variety of deposit trajectories, including episodes of financial distress, showing much higher drawdowns and realistic liquidity at risk estimates, as well as density plots that present a wide range of possible values, corresponding to booms and financial crises.

Therefore, this methodology is more suitable for liquidity management at banks, as well as for conducting liquidity stress tests.

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