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M
Montilla, F., V. Rosa, C. Prevett, T. Aviles, M. N. da Ponte, D. Masi, and C. Mealli. "Trimethylsilyl-substituted ligands as solubilizers of metal complexes in supercritical carbon dioxide." Dalton T (2003): 2170-2176. AbstractWebsite

The SiMe3 group (TMS), introduced as a substituent at the cyclopentadienyl ligand, is found to magnify the solubility of the corresponding metal complexes in supercritical carbon dioxide (scCO(2)). This is verified from comparative solubility measurements of the species (eta(5)-Me-3 SiC5H4)MoO2 Cl, 1a, (eta(5)-Me3SiC5H4)(2)ZrCl2, 2a, and (eta(5)-Me3SiC5H4)Co(CO)I-2.0.5(I-2), 3a (newly synthesised), and of their unsubstituted precursors 1b-3b, respectively. In spite of the increased solubility, the chemical, structural and reactivity properties of the TMS derivatives are scarcely affected. Confirmation comes from a detailed study of the cobalt complex 3a that includes X-ray structural determination. The geometry is most similar to that of the precursor 3b while an apparently different Co-CO interaction is observed in the carboxylated analogue [(eta(5)-PhCH2CO2C5H4)Co(CO) I-2, 3c]. The problem is computationally tackled by using the DFT B3LYP method. The optimised geometries of the simplified models of 3a-3c are all very similar. In particular, the computed stretching frequency of the unique CO ligand is consistent with the insignificant influence of the TMS group while it suggests a reduced amount of metal back-donation in 3c. It is inferred that the TMS complexes 1a-3a, while having higher solubility in scCO2, maintain almost unaltered the electronic and chemical features of their parent compounds. In particular, the role of 1a-3a as catalysts, that is well documented for homogeneous solutions, remains unaltered in the very different scCO(2) environment. The assumption is experimentally validated for 1a by performing with the latter two classic catalytic processes. The first process is the oxidation of PPh3 that is achieved by using molecular oxygen as an oxidant. The second example concerns the epoxidation of cyclohexene achieved in presence of tert-butyl hydroperoxide (TBHP).

Montilla, F., T. Aviles, T. Casimiro, A. A. Ricardo, and M. N. da Ponte. "CPCO(CO)(2)-catalysed cyclotrimerisation of alkynes in supercritical carbon dioxide." J Organomet Chem. 632 (2001): 113-118. AbstractWebsite

The reactivity of mono-substituted HC=CR (R =Ph. a; CH2OH, b; CH2CH2CH2CH3, c) and di-substituted RC=CR (R = CH2CH3, d; CO2CH3, e; Ph. f) acetylenes was studied in supercritical carbon dioxide (scCO(2)) using the easily available complex CpCo(CO)(2) as catalyst. The reaction of phenylacetylene produced a mixture of the isomeric cyclotrimers 1,3,5- (2a) and 1.2,4-triphenylbenzene (2a '). in a 1:5 ratio, and traces of cobaltcyclopentadienone complexes CPCO(eta (4)-C4H2[Ph](2)CO) (6a, mixture of isomers). The possible product formed by the incorporation of CO, to alkynes, i.e. diphenylpyrone (7a) was not observed. The reaction of the cobaltacyclopentadiene complex CpCo(1.4-sigma -C-4[Ph](4))(PPh)(3) (8f), in scCO(2), was performed. No insertion of CO2 into the Co-C a-bond to form tetraphenylpyrone (7f) by reductive elimination was observed, instead the cobaItcyclobutadiene Complex CpCo(eta (4)-C-4[Ph](4)) (9f) was formed. In the reactions with other alkynes, lower yields were obtained in general, except in the cyclotrimerisation of the highly activated alkyne, propargyl alcohol (b). Reaction of the non-activated alkynes, 1-hexyne (c) and 3-hexyne (d), produced complex mixtures of cobalt complexes in low yield in which the alkyne was coordinated to cobalt. Finally, the highly hindered diphenylacetylene (f) gave a mixture of the known Complexes CpCo(eta (4)-C-4[Ph](4)) (9f) and CpCo(eta (4)- C-4[Ph](4)CO) (6f) in agreement with the results observed in conventional organic solvents. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science B.V, All rights reserved.

P
Pedras, B., H. M. Santos, L. Fernandes, B. Covelo, A. Tamayo, E. Bertolo, J. L. Capelo, T. Aviles, and C. Lodeiro. "Sensing metal ions with two new azomethine-thiophene pincer ligands (NSN): Fluorescence and MALDI-TOF-MS applications." Inorg Chem Commun. 10 (2007): 925-929. AbstractWebsite

The two new pincer azomethine-thiophene ligands (N,NE',N,NE')-N,N'-(thiophene-2,5-diylbis(methan-1-yl-1-ylidene))bis(naphathalen-2-ylmethanamine) (L1) and (E)-(4,6-dihydropyren-1-yl)-N-((5-((E)-(pyren-1-ylmethylimino)ethyl)thiophen-2-yl)methylene)methanamine (L2), their absorption, fluorescence and MALDI-TOF-MS spectroscopic studies are described. The two systems synthesised combine the emissive probes pyrene and naphthyl with the good chelating properties of a tridentate SN2 donor-set from a thiophene Schiff-base ligand. Both ligands gave analytically pure solid complexes with Ni(II) and Pd(II) salts. The bichromophoric pyrene derivative L2 presents two emission bands in solution, one corresponding to the monomer species and a red-shifted band attributable to the intramolecular excimer. Ni(II) and Pd(II) complexation affects the conformation in solution, increasing the monomer emission at the expense of the excimer band; this effect could be explored in metal ion sensing. System L1 behaves as a non emissive probe. In situ complexation reactions followed by MALDI-TOF-MS spectrometry without matrix support have also been performed; these experiments show that L1 could be a potential chemosensor for Ni(II) and Pd(11). (c) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Pedras, B., E. Oliveira, H. Santos, L. Rodriguez, R. Crehuet, T. Aviles, J. L. Capelo, and C. Lodeiro. "A new tripodal poly-imine indole-containing ligand: Synthesis, complexation, spectroscopic and theoretical studies." Inorg Chim Acta. 362 (2009): 2627-2635. AbstractWebsite

A novel flexible tripodal ligand derived from 3-methylindole, ("InTREN" L), and its mononuclear Zn(II), Cu(II), Ni(II), Hg(II) and Pd(II) complexes are described. All compounds gave analytically pure solid samples. Characterisation of the compounds was accomplished by (1)H NMR, IR and absorption spectroscopies, matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS) and elemental analysis and their geometry optimized using density functional theory (DFT).Time-dependent-density functional theory (TD-DFT) calculations have been used to assign the lowest energy absorption bands of the free ligand and the Zn(II) complex. The system is a very good candidate for in situ recognition/coordination effects by MALDI-TOF-MS spectrometry and absorption spectroscopy. The presence of three indole groups in InTREN opens up the possibility to synthesize new three-dimensional self-assembly supramolecular structures. (C) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Pinto, P., M. J. Calhorda, V. Felix, T. Aviles, and M. G. B. Drew. "Syntheses and crystal structures of polynuclear Cu(I) complexes containing the 1,1 '-bis(diphenylphosphino)-ferrocene ligand." Monatsh Chem. 131 (2000): 1253-1265. AbstractWebsite

The reaction between [Cu(NCMe)(4)][PF6] and 1,1'-bis-(diphenylphosphino)-ferrocene (dppf) in several ratios, solvents, and conditions led to the synthesis and structural characterization of the Cu(I) complexes [Cu(dppf)(Odppf)] [PF6] (1), [(dppf)Cu(mu -dppf)Cu(dppf)][PF6](2) (2), and [(dppf)Cu(mu -Cl)(2)Cu(dppf)] (3). Although 1 and the cation in 2 were known, the first was structurally characterized for the first time, exhibiting a significant asymmetry in the coordination sphere of Cu(I)) owing to the presence of oxygen. In 2, the PF6- anion led to an interesting crystal packing with large open channels containing water. Finally, DFT calculations on a model of 3 showed that its HOMO exhibits, besides Fe, a significant Cu and Cl character, which is reflected in its electrochemical properties.

R
Romain, Charles, Vitor Rosa, Christophe Fliedel, Frederic Bier, Frederic Hild, Richard Welter, Samuel Dagorne, and Teresa Aviles. "{Highly active zinc alkyl cations for the controlled and immortal ring-opening polymerization of epsilon-caprolactone}." {DALTON TRANSACTIONS}. {41} (2012): {3377-3379}. Abstract

{Zinc alkyl cations supported by N,N-BIAN-type bidentate ligands were found to be highly active in the immortal ROP of epsilon-caprolactone to yield narrowly disperse and chain length-controlled poly(epsilon-caprolactone), whether in solution or bulk polymerization conditions.}

Rosa, V., S. A. Carabineiro, T. Aviles, P. T. Gomes, R. Welter, J. M. Campos, and M. R. Ribeiro. "Synthesis, characterisation and solid state structures of alpha-diimine cobalt(II) complexes: Ethylene polymerisation tests." J Organomet Chem. 693 (2008): 769-775. AbstractWebsite

A series of cobalt(II) compounds of the type [CoX2(alpha-diimine)] were synthesised by direct reaction of anhydrous CoCl2 or CoI2 and the corresponding alpha-diimine ligand, in CH2Cl2: [CoI2(o,o',p-Me3C6H2-DAB)] ( 1), [ CoI2(o,o'-(Pr2C6H3)-Pr-i-DAB)] ( 2), ( where Ar-DAB = 1,4-bis(aryl)-2,3-dimethyl-1,4-diaza-1,3-butadiene), and [CoCl2(o,o',p-Me3C6H2- BIAN)] (3), [CoCl2(o,o'- (Pr2C6H3)-Pr-i-BIAN)] (4), and [CoI2(o,o'-(Pr2C6H3)-Pr-i-BIAN)] (5) (where Ar-BIAN = bis(aryl) acenaphthenequinonediimine). All compounds were characterised by elemental analyses, IR, mass spectrometry, and X-ray diffraction whenever possible. The crystal structures of compounds 2-4 showed, in all cases, distorted tetrahedral geometries about the Co, built by two halogen atoms and two nitrogen atoms of the alpha-diimine ligand. Compounds 3 and 4, as well as [ CoCl2(o,o',p-Me3C6H2-DAB)] (1a), and [ CoCl2( o,o'- (Pr2C6H3)-Pr-i- DAB)] (2a), were activated by methylaluminoxane (MAO) and tested as catalysts for ethylene polymerisation, showing low catalytic activities. Selected polyethylene ( PE) samples were characterised by H-1 and C-13 NMR and FT-IR spectroscopies, and by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), revealing branching microstructures (2.5-5.5%). (c) 2007 Elsevier B. V. All rights reserved.

Rosa, V., C. I. M. Santos, R. Welter, G. Aullon, C. Lodeiro, and T. Aviles. "Comparison of the Structure and Stability of New alpha-Diimine Complexes of Copper(I) and Silver(I): Density Functional Theory versus Experimental." Inorg Chem. 49 (2010): 8699-8708. AbstractWebsite

New compounds of the general formulas [M(Ar-BIAN)(2)]BF(4) and [M(Ar-BIAN)(NCMe)(2)]BF(4), where M=Cu(1) or Ag(1) and Ar-BIAN = bis(aryl)acenaphthenequinonediimine, were synthesized by the direct reaction of [Cu(NCMe)(4)]BF(4) or [Ag(NCMe)(4)]BF(4) with the corresponding Ar-BIAN ligand in dried CH(2)Cl(2). The synthesized compounds are [M(o, d, p-Me(3)C(6)H(2)-BIAN)(2)]BF(4) where M = Cu(1) (1) and Ag(1) (2), [M(o,d-iPr(2)C(6)H(3)-BIAN)(NCMe)(2)]BF(4) where M = Cu(1) (3) and Ag(1) (4), and [Ag(o,d-iPr(2)C(6)H(3)-BIAN)(2)]BF(4) (5). The crystal structures of compounds 1-3 and 5 were solved by singlecrystal X-ray diffraction. In all cases copper(I) or silver(I) are in a distorted tetrahedron that is constructed from the four nitrogen atoms of the two a-diimine ligands or, in 3, from one a-diimine ligand and two acetonitrile molecules. All compounds were characterized by elemental analyses, matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry, and IR, UV-vis, and (1)H NMR spectroscopy. The analysis of the molecular geometry and the energetic changes for the formation reactions of the complexes, in a CH(2)Cl(2) solution, were evaluated by density functional theory calculations and compared with the experimental results.

Rosa, V., P. J. Gonzalez, T. Aviles, P. T. Gomes, R. Welter, A. C. Rizzi, M. C. G. Passeggi, and CD Brondino. "Synthesis, solid-state structures, and EPR spectroscopic studies on polycrystalline and single-crystal samples of alpha-diimine cobalt(II) complexes." Eur J Inorg Chem (2006): 4761-4769. AbstractWebsite

Cobalt compounds of the general formula [COX2(alpha-diimine)], where X = Cl or I and the alpha-diimines are 1,4-diaryl-2,3-dimethyl-1,4-diaza-1,3-butadiene (Ar-DAB) and bis(aryl)acenaphthenequinonediimine (Ar-BIAN) were synthesized by the direct reaction of the anhydrous cobalt salts CoCl2 or CoI2 and the corresponding alpha-diinline ligand in dried CH2Cl2. The synthesized compounds are [Co(Ph-DAB)Cl-2] (1a), [Co(o,o',p-Me3C6H2-DAB)Cl-2] (1b), and [Co(o,o'iPr(2)C(6)H(3)-DAB)Cl-2] (1c) with the ligands Ar-DAB, and also [Co(o,o',p-Me3C6H2-BIAN)I-2] (2'b) with the ligand Ar-BIAN. The crystal structures of all the compounds were solved by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. In all cases the cobalt atom is in a distorted tetrahedron, which is built up of two halide atoms and two nitrogen atoms of the alpha-dimune ligand. X-band EPR measurements of polycrystalline samples performed on compounds 1b, 1c, and 2'b indicate a high-spin Col, ion (S = 3/2) in an axially distorted environment. Single-crystal EPR experiments on compounds 1b and 1c allowed us to evaluate the orientation of the g tensor in the molecular frame. (c) Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co.

S
Schnee, Gilles, Christophe Fliedel, Teresa Aviles, and Samuel Dagorne. "{Neutral and Cationic N-Heterocyclic Carbene Zinc Adducts and the BnOH/Zn(C6F5)(2) Binary Mixture - Characterization and Use in the Ring-Opening Polymerization of beta-Butyrolactone, Lactide, and Trimethylene Carbonate}." {EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF INORGANIC CHEMISTRY}. {2013} (2013): {3699-3709}. Abstract

{{Abstract A variety of N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC) zinc adducts of the type NHC-ZnMe2 {[}2a