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Pedras, B., E. Oliveira, H. Santos, L. Rodriguez, R. Crehuet, T. Aviles, J. L. Capelo, and C. Lodeiro. "A new tripodal poly-imine indole-containing ligand: Synthesis, complexation, spectroscopic and theoretical studies." Inorg Chim Acta. 362 (2009): 2627-2635. AbstractWebsite

A novel flexible tripodal ligand derived from 3-methylindole, ("InTREN" L), and its mononuclear Zn(II), Cu(II), Ni(II), Hg(II) and Pd(II) complexes are described. All compounds gave analytically pure solid samples. Characterisation of the compounds was accomplished by (1)H NMR, IR and absorption spectroscopies, matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS) and elemental analysis and their geometry optimized using density functional theory (DFT).Time-dependent-density functional theory (TD-DFT) calculations have been used to assign the lowest energy absorption bands of the free ligand and the Zn(II) complex. The system is a very good candidate for in situ recognition/coordination effects by MALDI-TOF-MS spectrometry and absorption spectroscopy. The presence of three indole groups in InTREN opens up the possibility to synthesize new three-dimensional self-assembly supramolecular structures. (C) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Pedras, B., H. M. Santos, L. Fernandes, B. Covelo, A. Tamayo, E. Bertolo, J. L. Capelo, T. Aviles, and C. Lodeiro. "Sensing metal ions with two new azomethine-thiophene pincer ligands (NSN): Fluorescence and MALDI-TOF-MS applications." Inorg Chem Commun. 10 (2007): 925-929. AbstractWebsite

The two new pincer azomethine-thiophene ligands (N,NE',N,NE')-N,N'-(thiophene-2,5-diylbis(methan-1-yl-1-ylidene))bis(naphathalen-2-ylmethanamine) (L1) and (E)-(4,6-dihydropyren-1-yl)-N-((5-((E)-(pyren-1-ylmethylimino)ethyl)thiophen-2-yl)methylene)methanamine (L2), their absorption, fluorescence and MALDI-TOF-MS spectroscopic studies are described. The two systems synthesised combine the emissive probes pyrene and naphthyl with the good chelating properties of a tridentate SN2 donor-set from a thiophene Schiff-base ligand. Both ligands gave analytically pure solid complexes with Ni(II) and Pd(II) salts. The bichromophoric pyrene derivative L2 presents two emission bands in solution, one corresponding to the monomer species and a red-shifted band attributable to the intramolecular excimer. Ni(II) and Pd(II) complexation affects the conformation in solution, increasing the monomer emission at the expense of the excimer band; this effect could be explored in metal ion sensing. System L1 behaves as a non emissive probe. In situ complexation reactions followed by MALDI-TOF-MS spectrometry without matrix support have also been performed; these experiments show that L1 could be a potential chemosensor for Ni(II) and Pd(11). (c) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Pinto, P., M. J. Calhorda, V. Felix, T. Aviles, and M. G. B. Drew. "Syntheses and crystal structures of polynuclear Cu(I) complexes containing the 1,1 '-bis(diphenylphosphino)-ferrocene ligand." Monatsh Chem. 131 (2000): 1253-1265. AbstractWebsite

The reaction between [Cu(NCMe)(4)][PF6] and 1,1'-bis-(diphenylphosphino)-ferrocene (dppf) in several ratios, solvents, and conditions led to the synthesis and structural characterization of the Cu(I) complexes [Cu(dppf)(Odppf)] [PF6] (1), [(dppf)Cu(mu -dppf)Cu(dppf)][PF6](2) (2), and [(dppf)Cu(mu -Cl)(2)Cu(dppf)] (3). Although 1 and the cation in 2 were known, the first was structurally characterized for the first time, exhibiting a significant asymmetry in the coordination sphere of Cu(I)) owing to the presence of oxygen. In 2, the PF6- anion led to an interesting crystal packing with large open channels containing water. Finally, DFT calculations on a model of 3 showed that its HOMO exhibits, besides Fe, a significant Cu and Cl character, which is reflected in its electrochemical properties.