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Fliedel, Christophe, Vitor Rosa, Carla I. M. Santos, Pablo J. Gonzalez, Rui M. Almeida, Clara S. B. Gomes, Pedro T. Gomes, Amelia M. N. D. A. Lemos, Gabriel Aullon, Richard Welter, and Teresa Aviles. "{Copper(II) complexes of bis(aryl-imino)acenaphthene ligands: synthesis, structure, DFT studies and evaluation in reverse ATRP of styrene}." {DALTON TRANSACTIONS}. {43} (2014): {13041-13054}. Abstract

{Two new Ar-BIAN Cu(II) complexes (where Ar-BIAN = bis(aryl-imino)acenaphthene) of formulations {[}CuCl2(Mes-BIAN)] (1) (Mes = 2,4,6-Me3C6H2) and {[}CuCl2(Dipp-BIAN)] (2) (Dipp = 2,6-iPr(2)C(6)H(3)) were synthesised by direct reaction of CuCl2 suspended in dichloromethane with the respective ligands Mes-BIAN (L1) and Dipp-BIAN (L2), dissolved in dichloromethane, under an argon atmosphere. Attempts to obtain these compounds by solubilising CuCl2 in methanol and adding a dichloromethane solution of the corresponding ligand, under aerobic conditions, gave also compound 1, but, in the case of L2, the Cu(I) dimer {[}CuCl(Dipp-BIAN)](2) (3) was obtained instead of compound 2. The compounds were fully characterised by elemental analyses, MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry, FT-IR, H-1 NMR and EPR spectroscopic techniques. The solid-state molecular structures of compounds 1-3 were determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction, showing the expected chelation of the Ar-BIAN ligands and two chloride ligands completing the coordination sphere of the Cu(11) centre. In the case of the complex 1, an intermediate coordination geometry around the Cu(II) centre, between square planar and tetrahedral, was revealed, while the complex 2 showed an almost square planar geometry. The structural differences and evaluation of energetic changes were rationalised by DFT calculations. Analysis of the electrochemical behaviour of complexes 1-3 was performed by cyclic voltammetry and the experimental redox potentials for Cu(II)/Cu(I) pairs have been compared with theoretical values calculated by DFT in the gas phase and in dichloromethane and methanol solutions. The complex 1 exhibited good activity in the reverse atom transfer radical polymerisation (ATRP) of styrene.}

Li, Lidong, Patricia S. Lopes, Claudia A. Figueira, Clara S. B. Gomes, M. Teresa Duarte, Vitor Rosa, Christophe Fliedel, Teresa Aviles, and Pedro T. Gomes. "{Cationic and Neutral (Ar-BIAN) Copper( I) Complexes Containing Phosphane and Arsane Ancillary Ligands: Synthesis, Molecular Structure and Catalytic Behaviour in Cycloaddition Reactions of Azides and Alkynes}." {EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF INORGANIC CHEMISTRY} (2013): {1404-1417}. Abstract

{{A series of new cationic and neutral (Ar-BIAN) copper(I) complexes {[}in which Ar-BIAN = bis(aryl)acenaphthenequinonediimine] was synthesised and characterised by elemental analysis, 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopy and single-crystal Xray diffraction. The cationic complexes of the general formula {[}Cu(Ar-BIAN)L-2]BF4 {[}L-2 = (PPh3)(2) (1), dppe (2), dppf (3), (AsPh3)(2) (4); Ar = 4-iPrC(6)H(4) (a), 4-MeOC6H4 (b), 4-NO2C6H4 (c), 2-iPrC(6)H(4) (d), Ph2PCH2CH2PPh2 (dppe), (Ph2PC5H4)(2)Fe (dppf)] were synthesised by reaction of {[}Cu(EPh3)(4)]BF4 (E = P or As) and equimolar amounts of Ar-BIAN ligands, or by reaction of equimolar amounts of {[}Cu(NCMe)(4)]BF4, 4-iPrC(6)H(4)-BIAN (a) and diphosphanes dppe or dppf, in dichloromethane, whereas the neutral complexes of the types {[}CuX(Ar-BIAN)(EPh3)] {[}X = Cl

Li, Lidong, Patricia S. Lopes, Vitor Rosa, Claudia A. Figueira, Amelia M. N. D. A. Lemos, Teresa M. Duarte, Teresa Aviles, and Pedro T. Gomes. "{Synthesis and structural characterisation of (aryl-BIAN)copper(I) complexes and their application as catalysts for the cycloaddition of azides and alkynes}." {DALTON TRANSACTIONS}. {41} (2012): {5144-5154}. Abstract

{{A series of Ar-BIAN-based copper(I) complexes (where Ar-BIAN = bis(aryl) acenaphthenequinonediimine) were synthesised and characterised by H-1 and C-13 NMR spectroscopies, FT-IR spectroscopy, MALDI-TOF-MS spectrometry, cyclic voltammetry and single crystal X-ray diffraction. The bis-chelated complexes of general formula {[}Cu(Ar-BIAN)(2)]BF4 (where Ar = C6H5 (1), 4-iPrC(6)H(4) (3), 2-iPrC(6)H(4) (4)) were prepared by reaction of {[}Cu(NCMe)(4)]BF4 with two equivalents of the corresponding Ar-BIAN ligands, in dichloromethane, while the mono-chelated complexes of the type {[}Cu(Ar-BIAN)L2]BF4 (where Ar = 2,6-iPr(2)C(6)H(3)

Rosa, V., C. I. M. Santos, R. Welter, G. Aullon, C. Lodeiro, and T. Aviles. "Comparison of the Structure and Stability of New alpha-Diimine Complexes of Copper(I) and Silver(I): Density Functional Theory versus Experimental." Inorg Chem. 49 (2010): 8699-8708. AbstractWebsite

New compounds of the general formulas [M(Ar-BIAN)(2)]BF(4) and [M(Ar-BIAN)(NCMe)(2)]BF(4), where M=Cu(1) or Ag(1) and Ar-BIAN = bis(aryl)acenaphthenequinonediimine, were synthesized by the direct reaction of [Cu(NCMe)(4)]BF(4) or [Ag(NCMe)(4)]BF(4) with the corresponding Ar-BIAN ligand in dried CH(2)Cl(2). The synthesized compounds are [M(o, d, p-Me(3)C(6)H(2)-BIAN)(2)]BF(4) where M = Cu(1) (1) and Ag(1) (2), [M(o,d-iPr(2)C(6)H(3)-BIAN)(NCMe)(2)]BF(4) where M = Cu(1) (3) and Ag(1) (4), and [Ag(o,d-iPr(2)C(6)H(3)-BIAN)(2)]BF(4) (5). The crystal structures of compounds 1-3 and 5 were solved by singlecrystal X-ray diffraction. In all cases copper(I) or silver(I) are in a distorted tetrahedron that is constructed from the four nitrogen atoms of the two a-diimine ligands or, in 3, from one a-diimine ligand and two acetonitrile molecules. All compounds were characterized by elemental analyses, matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry, and IR, UV-vis, and (1)H NMR spectroscopy. The analysis of the molecular geometry and the energetic changes for the formation reactions of the complexes, in a CH(2)Cl(2) solution, were evaluated by density functional theory calculations and compared with the experimental results.

Pedras, B., E. Oliveira, H. Santos, L. Rodriguez, R. Crehuet, T. Aviles, J. L. Capelo, and C. Lodeiro. "A new tripodal poly-imine indole-containing ligand: Synthesis, complexation, spectroscopic and theoretical studies." Inorg Chim Acta. 362 (2009): 2627-2635. AbstractWebsite

A novel flexible tripodal ligand derived from 3-methylindole, ("InTREN" L), and its mononuclear Zn(II), Cu(II), Ni(II), Hg(II) and Pd(II) complexes are described. All compounds gave analytically pure solid samples. Characterisation of the compounds was accomplished by (1)H NMR, IR and absorption spectroscopies, matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS) and elemental analysis and their geometry optimized using density functional theory (DFT).Time-dependent-density functional theory (TD-DFT) calculations have been used to assign the lowest energy absorption bands of the free ligand and the Zn(II) complex. The system is a very good candidate for in situ recognition/coordination effects by MALDI-TOF-MS spectrometry and absorption spectroscopy. The presence of three indole groups in InTREN opens up the possibility to synthesize new three-dimensional self-assembly supramolecular structures. (C) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Pedras, B., H. M. Santos, L. Fernandes, B. Covelo, A. Tamayo, E. Bertolo, J. L. Capelo, T. Aviles, and C. Lodeiro. "Sensing metal ions with two new azomethine-thiophene pincer ligands (NSN): Fluorescence and MALDI-TOF-MS applications." Inorg Chem Commun. 10 (2007): 925-929. AbstractWebsite

The two new pincer azomethine-thiophene ligands (N,NE',N,NE')-N,N'-(thiophene-2,5-diylbis(methan-1-yl-1-ylidene))bis(naphathalen-2-ylmethanamine) (L1) and (E)-(4,6-dihydropyren-1-yl)-N-((5-((E)-(pyren-1-ylmethylimino)ethyl)thiophen-2-yl)methylene)methanamine (L2), their absorption, fluorescence and MALDI-TOF-MS spectroscopic studies are described. The two systems synthesised combine the emissive probes pyrene and naphthyl with the good chelating properties of a tridentate SN2 donor-set from a thiophene Schiff-base ligand. Both ligands gave analytically pure solid complexes with Ni(II) and Pd(II) salts. The bichromophoric pyrene derivative L2 presents two emission bands in solution, one corresponding to the monomer species and a red-shifted band attributable to the intramolecular excimer. Ni(II) and Pd(II) complexation affects the conformation in solution, increasing the monomer emission at the expense of the excimer band; this effect could be explored in metal ion sensing. System L1 behaves as a non emissive probe. In situ complexation reactions followed by MALDI-TOF-MS spectrometry without matrix support have also been performed; these experiments show that L1 could be a potential chemosensor for Ni(II) and Pd(11). (c) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.