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Antão, Armando N., T. Santana, M. Vicente da Silva, and N. M. C. Guerra. "Passive earth-pressure coefficients by upper-bound numerical limit analysis." Canadian Geotechnical Journal. 48 (2011): 767-780. Abstract

A three-dimensional (3D) numerical implementation of the limit analysis upper-bound theorem is used to determine passive horizontal earth-pressure coefficients. An extension technique allowing determination of the 3D passive earth pressures for any width-to-height ratios greater than 7 is presented. The horizontal passive earth-pressure coefficients are presented and compared with solutions published previously. Results of the ratio between the 3D and two-dimensional horizontal passive earth-pressure coefficients are shown and found to be almost independent of the soil-to-wall friction ratio. A simple equation is proposed for calculating this passive earth-pressure ratio.

Antão, A. N., Nuno M. Vicente da Silva, da Costa Guerra, and R. Delgado. "An upper bound-based solution for the shape factors of bearing capacity of footings under drained conditions using a parallelized mixed f.e. formulation with quadratic velocity fields." Computers and Geotechnics. 41 (2012): 23-35. Abstract

A strict upper-bound limit analysis finite element formulation is used to estimate shape factors s_gamma and s_q for determining the bearing capacity of shallow foundations using the classic bearing capacity formula. The finite element formulation uses a quadratic approximation for the velocity field, an extension of a previously published Augmented Lagrangian formulation with a linear velocity field, and was implemented for a parallel processing environment. Results from determining the limit loads under three-dimensional conditions are presented and compared with previously published data. The results obtained allow a strict upper-bound determination of the shape factors. Furthermore, a practical proposal for these factors is made and compared with other proposals made by other authors.

Antão, Nunes A., N. M. C. Guerra, Vicente M. da Silva, and T. Santana Upper and lower bounds for the bearing apacity of foundations on soft soils with reinforcement columns. Proceedings of the 17 th European Conference on Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering. Reykjavik, Islândia, 2019.
Antão, A. N., M. Vicente da Silva, and N. M. C. Guerra. "Determination of depth factors for the bearing capacity of shallow foundations in sand." Soils and Rocks. 33 (2010): 47-52. Abstract
Antão, Armando N., Nuno Costa M. da Guerra, Manuel Matos Fernandes, and António Cardoso. "Influence of tension cut-off on the stability of anchored concrete soldier-pile walls in clay." Canadian Geotechnical Journal. 45 (2008): 1036-1044. AbstractWebsite

A previous paper studied the stability of soldier-pile walls in clay under vertical loading using upper bound analyses. A classical Tresca yield criterion was assumed in that analysis. This paper extends that study by considering a tension truncated Tresca yield criterion in an upper bound numerical analysis of the problem. It shows that assuming zero tension soil strength has a significant influence on the values of the minimum soldier-pile resistance required to ensure stability.

Antão, Nunes A., T. Santana, Vicente M. da Silva, and Costa N. M. da Guerra. "Three-dimensional active earth pressure coefficients by upper bound numerical limit analysis." Computers and Geotechnics. 79 (2016): 96-104.