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Furtado, C., A. Arteiro, G. Catalanotti, J. Xavier, and P. P. Camanho. "Selective ply-level hybridisation for improved notched response of composite laminates." Composite Structures. 145 (2016): 1-14. AbstractWebsite

Abstract This work presents an experimental study on the effect of ply-level hybridisation on the tensile unnotched and notched response of composite laminates. In a first assessment, notched tests were performed on laminates with nominal ply thicknesses between 0.03 mm and 0.30 mm. From the understanding of the effect of ply thickness on the damage mechanisms that govern the notched response of laminates, the concept of ply-level hybridisation is introduced, which consists in combining plies of different grades. A uniform combination of thin and conventional plies resulted in a hybrid laminate with intermediate notched response. Selective hybridisation, where thin off-axis plies are combined with thicker 0° plies, resulted in a globally enhanced notched behaviour without compromising the unnotched and fatigue responses. This work clearly shows how ply-level hybridisation, when designed to trigger specific damage mechanisms, can be used to improve the notched response of composite laminates.

Ercin, G. H., P. P. Camanho, J. Xavier, G. Catalanotti, S. Mahdi, and P. Linde. "Size effects on the tensile and compressive failure of notched composite laminates." Composite Structures. 96 (2013): 736-744. Abstract
Xavier, J., A. M. P. de Jesus, J. J. L. Morais, and J. M. T. Pinto. "Stereovision measurements on evaluating the modulus of elasticity of wood by compression tests parallel to the grain." Construction and Building Materials. 26 (2012): 207-215. Abstract
Arteiro, A., G. Catalanotti, J. Xavier, P. Linde, and P. P. Camanho. "A strategy to improve the structural performance of non-crimp fabric thin-ply laminates." Composite Structures. 188 (2018): 438-449. AbstractWebsite

The enhanced mechanical performance of thin-ply laminates results from their ability to delay the onset of damage typically observed in composite materials. However, in notched structures, subcritical damage growth causes beneficial stress redistributions in the vicinity of the notch, blunting the stress concentration. Precluding these damage mechanisms, as in thin-ply laminates, may potentially lead to inferior notched responses. To obviate this limitation of thin-ply laminates, a strategy based on the combination of standard grade 0� plies and thin transverse and off-axis plies is analysed in this paper. A detailed study of the effect of 0� ply blocking is carried out, with particular emphasis on the blunting mechanisms and notched response. Tests on scaled notched panels loaded in tension, with notch sizes between 6?mm and 30?mm, show that the combination of standard grade 0� ply blocks with thin transverse and off-axis plies promotes localised fibre-matrix splitting, which acts as an important notch blunting mechanism, while preventing matrix cracking and delamination. This results in an improved notched response and superior large damage capability. It is also shown that thicker 0� ply blocks provide higher stability in composite bolted joints, while the thin transverse and off-axis plies contribute for matrix-dominated damage suppression, resulting in an improved bolt-bearing response. The improvements of the large damage capability and bolt-bearing performance are obtained without compromising the superior unnotched tensile and compressive strengths intrinsic to thin-ply laminates.