Designing principles to create resilient Supply Chains

Carvalho, H., and V. Cruz-Machado. "Designing principles to create resilient Supply Chains." In Proceedings of the 2007 Industrial Engineering Research Conference, 186-191. Nashville, USA, 2007.


This paper explores the designing principles to create resilient Supply Chains ({SC)} with the ability to return, rapidly, to the initial stage or to an improved one after a disturbance occurrence. Supply chain disturbances and failure modes are identified and discussed. The concept of resilience applied to {SCs} is defined and explored; a conceptual {SC} Resilience Index and a {SC} Resilience Indicator are proposed. A framework for the design of resilient supply chains is introduced, identifying main {SC} characteristic that can be modified to increase {SC} resilience and to mitigate its inherent vulnerability. An exploratory simulation study is presented to test the design of alternative {SC} scenarios.