Recent Publications

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2014
Tendeiro, Diogo, Gonçalo Lopes, Pedro Vieira, and Jose Paulo Santos. "Monte Carlo simulation of laser beams interaction with the human eye using Geant4." BioMedical Engineering OnLine 13 (2014): 58. AbstractWebsite
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Tendeiro, Diogo, Gonçalo Lopes, Pedro Vieira, and Jose Paulo Santos. "Monte Carlo simulation of laser beams interaction with the human eye using Geant4." BioMedical Engineering OnLine 13 (2014): 58. AbstractWebsite
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Lopes, G., D. Tendeiro, J. P. Santos, and P. Vieira. "Monte Carlo Simulation of Radiation through the Human Retina Using Geant4.", 431-434. Vol. 41. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2014. Abstract
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Lopes, G., D. Tendeiro, J. P. Santos, and P. Vieira. "Monte Carlo Simulation of Radiation through the Human Retina Using Geant4.", 431-434. Vol. 41. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2014. Abstract
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Sampaio, J. M., T. I. Madeira, F. Parente, P. Indelicato, J. P. Santos, and J. P. Marques. "Relativistic calculations of M-shell photoionization and X-ray production cross-sections for Hg at 5.96 keV excitation energy." Radiation Physics and Chemistry 107 (2014): 36. AbstractWebsite

In this work we calculate photoionization and X-ray production cross-sections (XPCS) of M-shell vacancies in Hg at incident photon energy of 5.96 keV (low.

2013
Amaro, P., S. Schlesser, M. Guerra, E. Le Bigot, J. P. Santos, C. I. Szabo, A. Gumberidze, and P. Indelicato. "Absolute measurements and simulations of x-ray line energies of highly charged ions with a double-crystal spectrometer." T156 (2013): 014104. AbstractWebsite
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Amaro, P., S. Schlesser, M. Guerra, E. Le Bigot, J. P. Santos, C. I. Szabo, A. Gumberidze, and P. Indelicato. "Absolute measurements and simulations of x-ray line energies of highly charged ions with a double-crystal spectrometer." Physica Scripta T156 (2013): 014104. AbstractWebsite
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Szabo, C. I., P. Amaro, M. Guerra, J. P. Santos, A. Gumberidze, J. Attard, and P. Indelicato. "Ion temperature and x-ray line width measurements of highly charged argon ions in an ECR ion source." Physica Scripta T156 (2013): 014077. AbstractWebsite
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Szabo, C. I., P. Amaro, M. Guerra, J. P. Santos, A. Gumberidze, J. Attard, and P. Indelicato. "Ion temperature and x-ray line width measurements of highly charged argon ions in an ECR ion source." Physica Scripta T156 (2013): 014077. AbstractWebsite
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Santos, J. P., J. P. Marques, A. M. Costa, M. C. Martins, P. Indelicato, and F. Parente. "Transition probability values of the 1s 22s3p 3P 0level in Be-like ions." Physica Scripta T156 (2013): 014020. AbstractWebsite
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Santos, J. P., J. P. Marques, A. M. Costa, M. C. Martins, P. Indelicato, and F. Parente. "Transition probability values of the 1s 22s3p 3P 0level in Be-like ions." Physica Scripta T156 (2013): 014020. AbstractWebsite
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Pé-Leve Santos, Sara C., Mariana Eloy Cruz, António M. E. Barroso, Catarina P. S. Fonseca, Mauro Guerra, Maria Luisa Carvalho, and Jose Paulo Santos. "Elemental characterization of plants and soils in Panasqueira tungsten mining region." Online (2013). AbstractWebsite
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EPS. "Euphysics News." 44 (2013): 1-36. Abstract
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Guerra, M., R. M. Pinto, J. P. Santos, and A. C. S. Paiva. "Towards the assignment of the REMPI spectrum of Ph 2O using CIS and TD-DFT methods." Molecular Physics 111 (2013): 3311-3319. AbstractWebsite
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Guerra, M., P. Amaro, C. I. Szabo, A. Gumberidze, P. Indelicato, and J. P. Santos. "Analysis of the charge state distribution in an ECRIS Ar plasma using high-resolution x-ray spectra." Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics 46 (2013): 065701. AbstractWebsite

In this work, we obtained a charge state distribution inside an Ar plasma produced by an electron–cyclotron-resonance ion source. The processes that lead to the observed lines in x-ray spectra are identified and included in the simulated x-ray spectrum. The geometrical constraints of the flat double crystal spectrometer, used to measure the x-ray spectrum, are investigated as they are crucial for correctly obtaining the ion densities from the observed transition amplitudes. Multiple electron impact ionization is included, and a realistic electron velocity distribution is taken into account. The charge state distribution of the Ar ions is compared to measured extracted ionic currents.

Guerra, M., F. Parente, and J. P. Santos. "Electron impact ionization cross sections of several ionization stages of Kr, Ar and Fe." International Journal of Mass Spectrometry 348 (2013): 1-8. AbstractWebsite

International Journal of Mass Spectrometry, 348 (2013) 1-8. doi:10.1016/j.ijms.2013.02.011

Guerra, M., F. Parente, and J. P. Santos. "Electron impact ionization cross sections of several ionization stages of Kr, Ar and Fe." International Journal of Mass Spectrometry 348 (2013): 1-8. AbstractWebsite

International Journal of Mass Spectrometry, 348 (2013) 1-8. doi:10.1016/j.ijms.2013.02.011

Guerra, M., R. M. Pinto, J. P. Santos, and A. C. S. Paiva. "Towards the assignment of the REMPI spectrum of Ph 2O using CIS and TD-DFT methods." Molecular Physics 111 (2013): 3311-3319. AbstractWebsite
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Guerra, M., P. Amaro, C. I. Szabo, A. Gumberidze, P. Indelicato, and J. P. Santos. "Analysis of the charge state distribution in an ECRIS Ar plasma using high-resolution x-ray spectra." Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics 46 (2013): 065701. AbstractWebsite

In this work, we obtained a charge state distribution inside an Ar plasma produced by an electron–cyclotron-resonance ion source. The processes that lead to the observed lines in x-ray spectra are identified and included in the simulated x-ray spectrum. The geometrical constraints of the flat double crystal spectrometer, used to measure the x-ray spectrum, are investigated as they are crucial for correctly obtaining the ion densities from the observed transition amplitudes. Multiple electron impact ionization is included, and a realistic electron velocity distribution is taken into account. The charge state distribution of the Ar ions is compared to measured extracted ionic currents.

Kasthurirangan, S., J. K. Saha, A. N. Agnihotri, S. Bhattacharyya, D. Misra, A. Kumar, P. K. Mukherjee, J. P. Santos, A. M. Costa, P. Indelicato, T. K. Mukherjee, and L. C. Tribedi. "Observation of 2p3 d (1Po)→ 1s3d (1De) Radiative Transition in He-like Si, S, and Cl Ions." Physical Review Letters 111 (2013): 243201. AbstractWebsite
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Kasthurirangan, S., J. K. Saha, A. N. Agnihotri, S. Bhattacharyya, D. Misra, A. Kumar, P. K. Mukherjee, J. P. Santos, A. M. Costa, P. Indelicato, T. K. Mukherjee, and L. C. Tribedi. "Observation of 2p3 d (1Po)→ 1s3d (1De) Radiative Transition in He-like Si, S, and Cl Ions." Physical Review Letters 111 (2013): 243201. AbstractWebsite
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Szabo, Csilla I., Pedro Amaro, Mauro Guerra, Sophie Schlesser, Alexander Gumberidze, Jose Paulo Santos, and Paul Indelicato. "Reference free, high-precision measurements of transition energies in few electron argon ions." AIP APPLICATION OF ACCELERATORS IN RESEARCH AND INDUSTRY: Twenty-Second International Conference 1525 (2013): 68-72. AbstractWebsite

The use of a vacuum double crystal spectrometer, coupled to an electron-cyclotron resonance ion source (ECRIS), allows to measure low-energy x-ray transitions energies in highly-charged ions with accuracies of the order of a few parts per million. We have used this installation to measure the 1s2p 1 P1 - 1s2 1 S0 diagram line and the 1s2s 3 S1 - 1s2 1 S0 forbidden M1 transition energies in helium-like argon, the 1s2s2p 2 P j 1s2 2s 2 S1/2 transitions in lithium-like argon and the 1s2s2 2p 1 P1 - 1s2 2s2 1 S0 transition in beryllium-like argon. These transition measurements have accuracies between 2 and 4 ppm depending on the line intensity. Thanks to the excellent agreement between the simulations and the measurements, we were also able to measure the transition width of all the allowed transitions. The results are compared to recent QED and relativistic many-body calculations.

Szabo, Csilla I., Pedro Amaro, Mauro Guerra, Sophie Schlesser, Alexander Gumberidze, Jose Paulo Santos, and Paul Indelicato. "Reference free, high-precision measurements of transition energies in few electron argon ions." AIP Conf. Proc. 1525 (2013): 68-72. AbstractWebsite

The use of a vacuum double crystal spectrometer, coupled to an electron-cyclotron resonance ion source (ECRIS), allows to measure low-energy x-ray transitions energies in highly-charged ions with accuracies of the order of a few parts per million. We have used this installation to measure the 1s2p 1 P1 - 1s2 1 S0 diagram line and the 1s2s 3 S1 - 1s2 1 S0 forbidden M1 transition energies in helium-like argon, the 1s2s2p 2 P j 1s2 2s 2 S1/2 transitions in lithium-like argon and the 1s2s2 2p 1 P1 - 1s2 2s2 1 S0 transition in beryllium-like argon. These transition measurements have accuracies between 2 and 4 ppm depending on the line intensity. Thanks to the excellent agreement between the simulations and the measurements, we were also able to measure the transition width of all the allowed transitions. The results are compared to recent QED and relativistic many-body calculations.

2012
Amaro, P., and Csilla I. Szabo. A vacuum double-crystal spectrometer for reference-free highly charged ions X-ray spectroscopy. Submitted to Radiation Physics and Chemistry, Radiat. Phys. Chem. ed., 2012. Abstract
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Guimarães, Diana, Maria Luisa Carvalho, Vera Geraldes, Isabel Rocha, Luís Cerqueira Alves, and Jose Paulo Santos. "Lead in liver and kidney of exposed rats: Aging accumulation study." J. Trace Elem. Med Biol. 26 (2012): 285. AbstractWebsite

The concentration of lead in liver and kidneys of Wistar rats, fed with lead since fetal period in relation to their age and to a control group, was determined. A group of rats was exposed to lead acetate (n=30) in drinking water and the other group was exposed to normal water (n=20). Samples were collected from rats aging between 1 and 11 months and were analyzed by Energy Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence (EDXRF) without any chemical preparation. The EDXRF results were assessed by the PIXE (Proton Induced X-ray Emission) technique. The formaldehyde used to preserve the samples was also analyzed by ETAAS (Electro-Thermal Atomic Absorption Spectrometry) in order to verify if there was any loss of lead from the samples to the formaldehyde. We found that the loss was not significant (<2%). Concerning the mean values of the lead concentration measured in the contaminated soft tissues, in liver they range from 6 to 22μgg(-1), and in kidneys from 44 to 79μgg(-1). The control rats show, in general, values below the EDXRF detection limit (2μgg(-1)). The ratio kidney/liver ranges from 2 to 10 and is strongly positively correlated with the age of the animals. A Spearman correlation matrix to investigate the correlation between elemental concentrations and the dependence of these concentrations with age showed that there is a strong positive correlation with age for lead in the liver but not in the kidney. The correlation matrix showed also that the concentration of lead in these two soft tissues is not correlated. The lead accumulation in liver is made by different plateaus that strongly decrease with age. It was verified the existence of two levels of accumulation in kidney, not very highlighted, which might be indicative of a maximum accumulation level for lead in kidney.