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Zhao, Ping, and Vítor H. Fernandes. "The ranks of ideals in various transformation monoids." Communications in Algebra (DOI:10.1080/00927872.2013.847946) . 43.2 (2015): 674-692. Abstractauthorsfinalversion.pdfWebsite

In this paper we consider various classes of monoids of transformations of a finite chain,
including those of transformations that preserve or reverse either the order or the orientation.
In line with Howie and McFadden (1990),
we complete the study of the ranks (and of idempotent ranks, when applicable) of all their ideals.

L
Li, De Biao, and Vítor H. Fernandes. "Endomorphisms of semigroups of monotone transformations." Journal of Algebra and its Applications (DOI 10.1142/S0219498824502244; Online 5 July 2023) (2023). AbstractWebsite

In this paper, we characterize the monoid of endomorphisms of the semigroup of all monotone full transformations of a finite chain, as well as the monoids of endomorphisms of the semigroup of all monotone partial transformations and of the semigroup of all monotone partial permutations of a finite chain.

Li, De Biao, and Vítor H. Fernandes. "On semigroups of orientation-preserving partial permutations with restricted range." (Submitted). AbstractWebsite

Let $\Omega_n$ be a finite chain with $n$ elements $(n\in\mathbb{N})$, and let $\mathcal{POPI}_{n}$ be the semigroup of all injective orientation-preserving partial transformations of $\Omega_n$. In this paper, for any nonempty subset $Y$ of $\Omega_n$, we consider the subsemigroup $\mathcal{POPI}_{n}(Y)$ of $\mathcal{POPI}_{n}$ of all transformations with range contained in $Y$. We describe the Green's relations and study the regularity of $\mathcal{POPI}_{n}(Y)$. Moreover, we calculate the rank of $\mathcal{POPI}_{n}(Y)$ and determine when two semigroups of this type are isomorphic.

Li, De Biao, and Vítor H. Fernandes. "Endomorphisms of semigroups of oriented transformations." Semigroup Forum (DOI 10.1007/s00233-022-10325-y; Online 2 Dec 2022). 106 (2023): 184-210. AbstractWebsite

In this paper, we characterize the monoid of endomorphisms of the semigroup of all oriented full transformations of a finite chain, as well as the monoid of endomorphisms of the semigroup of all oriented partial transformations and the monoid of endomorphisms of the semigroup of all oriented partial permutations of a finite chain. Characterizations of the monoids of endomorphisms of the subsemigroups of all orientation-preserving transformations of the three semigroups aforementioned are also given. In addition, we compute the number of endomorphisms of each of these six semigroups.

F
Fernandesh, V. U. "A new class of divisors of semigroups of isotone mappings of finite chains." Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Mat. (2002): 51-59.
Fernandes, Vítor H., Gracinda M. S. Gomes, and Manuel M. Jesus. "Presentations for some monoids of partial transformations on a finite chain." Comm. Algebra. 33 (2005): 587-604.Website
Fernandes, Vítor H., and Teresa M. Quinteiro. "On the monoids of transformations that preserve the order and a uniform partition." Communications in Algebra. 39.8 (2011): 2798-2815.
Fernandes, Vítor H., and Paulo G. Santos. "Endomorphisms of semigroups of order-preserving partial transformations." Semigroup Forum (10.1007/s00233-018-9948-z). 99 (2019): 333-344. AbstractWebsite

In this paper we characterize the monoids of endomorphisms of the semigroups PO_n and POI_n of all order-preserving partial transformations and of all order-preserving partial permutations, respectively, of a finite n-chain.

Fernandes, Vitor H. "Semigroups of order preserving mappings on a finite chain: a new class of divisors." Semigroup Forum. 54 (1997): 230-236.Website
Fernandes, Vítor H., and Teresa M. Quinteiro. "A note on bilateral semidirect product decompositions of some monoids of order-preserving partial permutations." Bull. Korean Math. Soc.. 53.2 (2016): 495-506. AbstractWebsite

In this note we consider the monoid $PODI_n$ of all monotone partial permutations on $\{1,\ldots,n\}$ and its submonoids $DP_n$, $POI_n$ and $ODP_n$ of all partial isometries, of all order-preserving partial permutations and of all order-preserving partial isometries, respectively. We prove that both the monoids $POI_n$ and $ODP_n$ are quotients of bilateral semidirect products of two of their remarkable submonoids, namely of extensive and of co-extensive transformations. Moreover, we show that $PODI_n$ is a quotient of a semidirect product of $POI_n$ and the group $\mathcal{C}_2$ of order two and, analogously, $DP_n$ is a quotient of a semidirect product of $ODP_n$ and $\mathcal{C}_2$.

Fernandes, Vítor H. "On divisors of pseudovarieties generated by some classes of full transformation semigroups." Algebra Colloq.. 15 (2008): 581-588.
Fernandes, Vítor H., and M. V. Volkov. "On divisors of semigroups of order-preserving mappings of a finite chain." Semigroup Forum. 81 (2010): 551-554.Website
Fernandes, Vítor H., and Tânia Paulista. "On the Rank of Monoids of Endomorphisms of a Finite Directed Path." Asian-European Journal of Mathematics (DOI 10.1142/S1793557123500699; Online 28 Oct 2022). 16.04 (2023): 2350069 (13 pages). AbstractWebsite

In this paper we consider endomorphisms of a finite directed path from monoid generators perspective. Our main aim is to determine the rank of the monoid wEndP_n of all weak endomorphisms of a directed path with n vertices, which is a submonoid of the widely studied monoid O_n of all order-preserving transformations of a n-chain. Also, we describe the regular elements of wEndP_n and calculate its size and number of idempotents.

Fernandes, Vítor H. "The Vagner-Preston representation of a block-group." Southeast Asian Bull. Math.. 45.6 (2021): 805-812. AbstractWebsite

In this short note we construct an extension of the Vagner-Preston representation for block-groups and show that its kernel is the largest congruence that separates regular elements.

Fernandes, Vítor H., and Teresa M. Quinteiro. "The cardinal of various monoids of transformations that preserve a uniform partition." Bulletin of the Malaysian Mathematical Sciences Society. 35.4 (2012): 885-896.
Fernandes, Vítor H., M. M. Jesus, and B. Singha. "On orientation-preserving transformations of a chain." Communications in Algebra (DOI 10.1080/00927872.2020.1870996). 49.6 (2021): 2300-2325. AbstractWebsite

In this paper we introduce the notion of an orientation-preserving transformation on an arbitrary chain, as
a natural extension for infinite chains of the well known concept for finite chains introduced in 1998 by McAlister and, independently, in 1999 by Catarino and Higgins.
We consider the monoid POP(X) of all orientation-preserving partial transformations on a finite or infinite chain X and its submonoids OP(X) and POPI(X) of all orientation-preserving full transformations and of all orientation-preserving partial permutations on X, respectively.
The monoid PO(X) of all order-preserving partial transformations on X and its injective counterpart POI(X) are also considered.
We study the regularity and give descriptions of the Green's relations of the monoids POP(X), PO(X), OP(X), POPI(X) and POI(X).

Fernandes, Vítor H., Gracinda M. S. Gomes, and Manuel M. Jesus. "The cardinal and the idempotent number of various monoids of transformations on a finite chain." Bulletin of the Malaysian Mathematical Sciences Society. 34.2 (2011): 79-85. Abstract

Summary: We consider various classes of monoids of transformations on a finite chain, in particular of transformations that preserve or reverse either the order or the orientation. Being finite monoids we are naturally interested in computing both their cardinals and their idempotent numbers. Fibonacci and Lucas numbers play an essential role in the last computations.

Fernandes, Vítor H. "Normally ordered semigroups." Glasg. Math. J.. 50 (2008): 325-333.Website
Fernandes, Vítor H., Preeyanuch Honyam, Teresa M. Quinteiro, and Boorapa Singha. "On semigroups of orientation-preserving transformations with restricted range." Communications in Algebra (DOI:10.1080/00927872.2014.975345). 44.1 (2016): 253-264. Abstractauthorsfinalversion.pdfWebsite

Let $X_n$ be a chain with n elements ($n\in\N$) and let $\OP_n$ be the monoid of all orientation-preserving transformations of $X_n$. In this paper, for any nonempty subset $Y$ of $X_n$, we consider the subsemigroup $\OP_n(Y)$ of $\OP_n$ of all transformations with range contained in $Y$: we describe the largest regular subsemigroup of $\OP_n(Y)$, which actually coincides with its subset of all regular elements, and Green's relations on $\OP_n(Y)$. Also, we determine when two semigroups of the type $\OP_n(Y)$ are isomorphic and calculate their ranks. Moreover, a parallel study is presented for the correspondent subsemigroups of the monoid $\OR_n$ of all either orientation-preserving or orientation-reversing transformations of $X_n$.

Fernandes, Vítor H., and Tânia Paulista. "On the monoid of partial isometries of a cycle graph." Turkish Journal of Mathematics (DOI 10.55730/1300-0098.3460). 47 (2023): 1746-1760. AbstractWebsite

In this paper we consider the monoid DPC_n of all partial isometries of a n-cycle graph C_n. We show that DPC_n is the submonoid of the monoid of all oriented partial permutations on a n-chain whose elements are precisely all restrictions of a dihedral group of order 2n. Our main aim is to exhibit a presentation of DPC_n. We also describe Green's relations of DPC_n and calculate its cardinality and rank.

Fernandes, Vítor H., M. M. Jesus, V. Maltcev, and J. D. Mitchell. "Endomorphisms of the semigroup of order-preserving mappings." Semigroup Forum. 81 (2010): 277-285.Website
Fernandes, V. H. "The monoid of all injective order preserving partial transformations on a finite chain." Semigroup Forum. 62 (2001): 178-204.
Fernandes, Vítor H., Preeyanuch Honyam, Teresa M. Quinteiro, and Boorapa Singha. "On semigroups of endomorphisms of a chain with restricted range." Semigroup Forum (DOI: 10.1007/s00233-013-9548-x). 89.1 (2014): 77-104. AbstractWebsite

Let $X$ be a finite or infinite chain and let $\O(X)$ be the monoid of all endomorphisms of $X$.
In this paper, we describe the largest regular subsemigroup of $\O(X)$ and Green's relations on $\O(X)$.
In fact, more generally, if $Y$ is a nonempty subset of $X$ and $\O(X,Y)$ is the subsemigroup of $\O(X)$ of all elements with range contained in $Y$,
we characterize the largest regular subsemigroup of $\O(X,Y)$ and Green's relations on $\O(X,Y)$.
Moreover, for finite chains, we determine when two semigroups of the type $\O(X,Y)$ are isomorphic and calculate their ranks.