1 | #ifndef _theplu_yat_utility_matrix_ |
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2 | #define _theplu_yat_utility_matrix_ |
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3 | |
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4 | // $Id: matrix.h 811 2007-03-16 01:00:31Z peter $ |
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5 | |
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6 | /* |
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7 | Copyright (C) 2003 Daniel Dalevi, Peter Johansson |
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8 | Copyright (C) 2004 Jari HÃ¤kkinen, Peter Johansson |
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9 | Copyright (C) 2005 Jari HÃ¤kkinen, Peter Johansson, Markus Ringnér |
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10 | Copyright (C) 2006 Jari HÃ¤kkinen, Peter Johansson |
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11 | Copyright (C) 2007 Jari HÃ¤kkinen, Peter Johansson |
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12 | |
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13 | This file is part of the yat library, http://lev.thep.lu.se/trac/yat |
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14 | |
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15 | The yat library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or |
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16 | modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as |
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17 | published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the |
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18 | License, or (at your option) any later version. |
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19 | |
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20 | The yat library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, |
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21 | but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of |
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22 | MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU |
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23 | General Public License for more details. |
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24 | |
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25 | You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License |
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26 | along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software |
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27 | Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA |
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28 | 02111-1307, USA. |
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29 | */ |
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30 | |
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31 | #include "vector.h" |
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32 | #include "Exception.h" |
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33 | |
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34 | #include <gsl/gsl_matrix.h> |
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35 | #include <iostream> |
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36 | #include <utility> |
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37 | |
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38 | namespace theplu { |
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39 | namespace yat { |
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40 | namespace utility { |
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41 | |
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42 | class vector; |
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43 | |
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44 | /// |
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45 | /// @brief Interface to GSL matrix. |
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46 | /// |
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47 | /// For the time being 'double' is the only type supported. |
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48 | /// |
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49 | /// \par[File streams] Reading and writing vectors to file streams |
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50 | /// are of course supported. These are implemented without using GSL |
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51 | /// functionality, and thus binary read and write to streams are not |
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52 | /// supported. |
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53 | /// |
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54 | /// \par[Matrix views] GSL matrix views are supported and these are |
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55 | /// disguised as ordinary utility::matrix'es. A support function is |
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56 | /// added, utility::matrix::isview(), that can be used to check if a |
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57 | /// matrix object is a view. Note that view matricess do not own the |
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58 | /// undelying data, and a view is not valid if the matrix owning the |
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59 | /// data is deallocated. |
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60 | /// |
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61 | /// @note All GSL matrix related functions are not implement but |
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62 | /// most functionality defined for GSL matrices can be achieved with |
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63 | /// this interface class. Most notable GSL functionality not |
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64 | /// supported are no binary file support and views on arrays, |
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65 | /// utility::vectors, gsl_vectors, diagonals, subdiagonals, and |
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66 | /// superdiagonals. |
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67 | /// |
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68 | class matrix |
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69 | { |
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70 | public: |
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71 | |
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72 | /** |
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73 | @brief The default constructor. |
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74 | |
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75 | This contructor does not initialize underlying (essential) |
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76 | structures. |
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77 | */ |
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78 | matrix(void); |
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79 | |
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80 | /** |
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81 | \brief Constructor allocating memory space for \a r times \a c |
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82 | elements, and sets all elements to \a init_value. |
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83 | |
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84 | \throw GSL_error if memory allocation fails. |
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85 | */ |
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86 | matrix(const size_t& r, const size_t& c, double init_value=0); |
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87 | |
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88 | /** |
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89 | \brief The copy constructor. |
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90 | |
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91 | \note If the object to be copied is a matrix view, the values |
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92 | of the view will be copied, i.e. the view is not copied. |
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93 | |
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94 | \throw A GSL_error is indirectly thrown if memory allocation |
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95 | fails. |
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96 | */ |
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97 | matrix(const matrix&); |
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98 | |
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99 | /** |
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100 | \brief The matrix view constructor. |
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101 | |
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102 | Create a view of matrix \a m, with starting row \a offset_row, |
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103 | starting column \a offset_column, row size \a n_row, and column |
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104 | size \a n_column. |
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105 | |
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106 | A matrix view can be used as any matrix with the difference |
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107 | that changes made to the view will also change the object that |
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108 | is viewed. Also, using the copy constructor will create a new |
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109 | matrix object that is a copy of whatever is viewed. If a copy |
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110 | of the view is needed then you should use this constructor to |
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111 | obtain a copy. |
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112 | |
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113 | \note If the object viewed by the view goes out of scope or is |
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114 | deleted, the view becomes invalid and the result of further use |
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115 | is undefined. |
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116 | |
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117 | \throw GSL_error if a view cannot be set up. |
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118 | */ |
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119 | matrix(matrix& m, size_t offset_row, size_t offset_column, size_t n_row, |
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120 | size_t n_column); |
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121 | |
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122 | /** |
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123 | \brief The istream constructor. |
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124 | |
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125 | Matrix rows are sepearated with the new line character, and |
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126 | column elements in a row must be separated either with white |
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127 | space characters except the new line (\\n) character (default), |
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128 | or by the delimiter \a sep. Rows, and columns, are read |
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129 | consecutively and only rectangular matrices are |
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130 | supported. Empty lines are ignored. End of input is at end of |
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131 | file marker. |
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132 | |
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133 | \throw GSL_error if memory allocation fails, IO_error if |
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134 | unexpected input is found in the input stream. |
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135 | */ |
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136 | explicit matrix(std::istream &, char sep='\0') |
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137 | throw(utility::IO_error, std::exception); |
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138 | |
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139 | /** |
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140 | \brief The destructor. |
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141 | */ |
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142 | ~matrix(void); |
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143 | |
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144 | /** |
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145 | \brief Make a copy of \a other. |
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146 | |
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147 | This function will make a deep copy of \a other. Memory is |
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148 | resized and view state is changed to same as in other. |
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149 | */ |
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150 | const matrix& clone(const matrix& other); |
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151 | |
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152 | /// |
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153 | /// @return The number of columns in the matrix. |
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154 | /// |
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155 | size_t columns(void) const; |
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156 | |
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157 | /** |
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158 | Elementwise division of the elemnts of the calling matrix by |
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159 | the elements of matrix \a b, \f$ a_{ij} = a_{ij} / b_{ij} \; |
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160 | \forall i,j \f$. The result is stored into the calling matrix. |
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161 | |
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162 | \throw GSL_error if dimensions mis-match. |
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163 | */ |
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164 | void div(const matrix& b); |
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165 | |
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166 | /** |
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167 | \brief Check whether matrices are equal within a user defined |
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168 | precision, set by \a precision. |
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169 | |
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170 | \return True if each element deviates less or equal than \a |
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171 | d. If any matrix contain a NaN, false is always returned. |
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172 | |
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173 | \see operator== and operator!= |
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174 | */ |
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175 | bool equal(const matrix&, const double precision=0) const; |
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176 | |
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177 | /// |
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178 | /// @return A const pointer to the internal GSL matrix. |
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179 | /// |
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180 | const gsl_matrix* gsl_matrix_p(void) const; |
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181 | |
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182 | /// |
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183 | /// @return A pointer to the internal GSL matrix. |
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184 | /// |
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185 | gsl_matrix* gsl_matrix_p(void); |
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186 | |
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187 | /// |
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188 | /// @brief Check if the matrix object is a view (sub-matrix) to |
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189 | /// another matrix. |
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190 | /// |
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191 | /// @return True if the object is a view, false othwerwise. |
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192 | /// |
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193 | bool isview(void) const; |
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194 | |
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195 | /** |
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196 | Multiply the elements of matrix \a b with the elements of the |
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197 | calling matrix ,\f$ a_{ij} = a_{ij} * b_{ij} \; \forall i,j |
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198 | \f$. The result is stored into the calling matrix. |
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199 | |
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200 | \throw GSL_error if dimensions mis-match. |
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201 | */ |
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202 | void mul(const matrix& b); |
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203 | |
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204 | /** |
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205 | \brief Resize matrix |
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206 | |
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207 | All elements are set to @a init_value. |
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208 | |
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209 | \note underlying GSL matrix is destroyed and a view into this |
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210 | matrix becomes invalid. |
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211 | */ |
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212 | void resize(size_t, size_t, double init_value=0); |
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213 | |
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214 | /// |
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215 | /// @return The number of rows in the matrix. |
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216 | /// |
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217 | size_t rows(void) const; |
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218 | |
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219 | /** |
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220 | \brief Set element values to values in \a mat. |
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221 | |
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222 | This function is needed for assignment of viewed elements. |
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223 | |
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224 | \see const matrix& operator=(const matrix&) |
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225 | |
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226 | \throw GSL_error if dimensions mis-match. |
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227 | */ |
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228 | void set(const matrix& mat); |
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229 | |
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230 | /// |
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231 | /// Set all elements to \a value. |
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232 | /// |
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233 | void set_all(const double value); |
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234 | |
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235 | /** |
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236 | \brief Set \a column values to values in \a vec. |
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237 | |
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238 | \note No check on size is done. |
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239 | |
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240 | \throw GSL_error if index is out of range or mis-match in |
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241 | sizes. |
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242 | */ |
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243 | void set_column(const size_t column, const vector& vec); |
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244 | |
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245 | /** |
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246 | \brief Set \a row values to values in \a vec. |
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247 | |
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248 | \note No check on size is done. |
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249 | |
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250 | \throw GSL_error if index is out of range or mis-match in |
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251 | sizes. |
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252 | */ |
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253 | void set_row(const size_t row, const vector& vec); |
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254 | |
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255 | /** |
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256 | \brief Swap columns \a i and \a j. |
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257 | |
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258 | \throw GSL_error if either index is out of bounds. |
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259 | */ |
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260 | void swap_columns(const size_t i,const size_t j); |
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261 | |
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262 | /** |
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263 | \brief Swap row \a i and column \a j. |
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264 | |
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265 | The matrix must be square. |
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266 | |
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267 | \throw GSL_error if either index is out of bounds, or if matrix |
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268 | is not square. |
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269 | */ |
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270 | void swap_rowcol(const size_t i,const size_t j); |
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271 | |
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272 | /** |
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273 | \brief Swap rows \a i and \a j. |
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274 | |
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275 | \throw GSL_error if either index is out of bounds. |
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276 | */ |
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277 | void swap_rows(const size_t i, const size_t j); |
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278 | |
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279 | /** |
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280 | \brief Transpose the matrix. |
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281 | |
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282 | \throw GSL_error if memory allocation fails for the new |
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283 | transposed matrix. |
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284 | */ |
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285 | void transpose(void); |
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286 | |
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287 | /** |
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288 | \brief Element access operator. |
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289 | |
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290 | \return Reference to the element position (\a row, \a column). |
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291 | |
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292 | \throw If GSL range checks are enabled in the underlying GSL |
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293 | library a GSL_error exception is thrown if either index is out |
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294 | of range. |
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295 | */ |
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296 | double& operator()(size_t row,size_t column); |
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297 | |
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298 | /** |
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299 | \brief Element access operator. |
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300 | |
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301 | \return Const reference to the element position (\a row, \a |
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302 | column). |
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303 | |
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304 | \throw If GSL range checks are enabled in the underlying GSL |
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305 | library a GSL_error exception is thrown if either index is out |
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306 | of range. |
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307 | */ |
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308 | const double& operator()(size_t row,size_t column) const; |
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309 | |
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310 | /** |
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311 | \brief Comparison operator. Takes squared time. |
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312 | |
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313 | Checks are performed with exact matching, i.e., rounding off |
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314 | effects may destroy comparison. Use the equal function for |
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315 | comparing elements within a user defined precision. |
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316 | |
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317 | \return True if all elements are equal otherwise false. |
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318 | |
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319 | \see equal |
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320 | */ |
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321 | bool operator==(const matrix& other) const; |
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322 | |
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323 | /** |
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324 | \brief Comparison operator. Takes squared time. |
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325 | |
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326 | Checks are performed with exact matching, i.e., rounding off |
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327 | effects may destroy comparison. Use the equal function for |
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328 | comparing elements within a user defined precision. |
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329 | |
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330 | \return False if all elements are equal otherwise true. |
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331 | |
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332 | \see equal |
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333 | */ |
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334 | bool operator!=(const matrix& other) const; |
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335 | |
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336 | /** |
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337 | \brief The assignment operator. |
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338 | |
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339 | Dimensions of the matrices must match. If the LHS matrix is a |
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340 | view, the underlying data will be changed. |
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341 | |
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342 | \return A const reference to the resulting matrix. |
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343 | |
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344 | \see void set(const matrix&). |
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345 | |
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346 | \throw GSL_error if dimensions mis-match. |
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347 | */ |
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348 | const matrix& operator=(const matrix& other); |
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349 | |
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350 | /** |
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351 | \brief Add and assign operator. |
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352 | |
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353 | Elementwise addition of the elements of matrix \a b to the left |
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354 | hand side matrix ,\f$ a_{ij} = a_{ij} + b_{ij} \; \forall i,j |
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355 | \f$. |
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356 | |
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357 | \return A const reference to the resulting matrix. |
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358 | |
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359 | \throw GSL_error if dimensions mis-match. |
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360 | */ |
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361 | const matrix& operator+=(const matrix& b); |
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362 | |
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363 | /** |
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364 | \brief Add and assign operator |
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365 | |
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366 | Add the scalar value \a d to the left hand side matrix, \f$ |
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367 | a_{ij} = a_{ij} + d \; \forall i,j \f$. |
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368 | */ |
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369 | const matrix& operator+=(const double d); |
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370 | |
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371 | /** |
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372 | \brief Subtract and assign operator. |
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373 | |
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374 | Elementwise subtraction of the elements of matrix \a b to the |
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375 | left hand side matrix ,\f$ a_{ij} = a_{ij} + b_{ij} \; \forall |
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376 | i,j \f$. |
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377 | |
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378 | \return A const reference to the resulting matrix. |
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379 | |
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380 | \throw GSL_error if dimensions mis-match. |
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381 | */ |
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382 | const matrix& operator-=(const matrix&); |
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383 | |
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384 | /** |
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385 | \brief Subtract and assign operator |
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386 | |
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387 | Subtract the scalar value \a d to the left hand side matrix, |
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388 | \f$ a_{ij} = a_{ij} + d \; \forall i,j \f$. |
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389 | */ |
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390 | const matrix& operator-=(const double d); |
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391 | |
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392 | /** |
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393 | \brief Multiply and assigment operator. |
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394 | |
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395 | \return Const reference to the resulting matrix. |
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396 | |
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397 | \throw GSL_error if memory allocation fails. |
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398 | */ |
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399 | const matrix& operator*=(const matrix&); |
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400 | |
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401 | /** |
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402 | \brief Multiply and assignment operator |
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403 | |
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404 | Multiply the elements of the left hand side matrix with a |
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405 | scalar \a d, \f$ a_{ij} = d * a_{ij} \; \forall i,j \f$. |
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406 | |
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407 | \throw GSL_error if memory allocation fails. |
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408 | */ |
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409 | const matrix& operator*=(double d); |
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410 | |
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411 | private: |
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412 | |
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413 | /** |
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414 | \brief Create a new copy of the internal GSL matrix. |
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415 | |
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416 | Necessary memory for the new GSL matrix is allocated and the |
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417 | caller is responsible for freeing the allocated memory. |
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418 | |
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419 | \return A pointer to a copy of the internal GSL matrix. |
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420 | |
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421 | \throw GSL_error if memory cannot be allocated for the new |
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422 | copy, or if dimensions mis-match. |
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423 | */ |
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424 | gsl_matrix* create_gsl_matrix_copy(void) const; |
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425 | |
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426 | /** |
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427 | \brief Clear all dynamically allocated memory. |
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428 | |
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429 | Internal utility function. |
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430 | */ |
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431 | void delete_allocated_memory(void); |
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432 | |
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433 | // blas_result_ is used to temporarily store result in BLAS calls |
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434 | // and when not NULL it should always have the same size as |
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435 | // m_. Memory is not allocated for blas_result_ until it is |
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436 | // needed. |
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437 | gsl_matrix* blas_result_; |
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438 | gsl_matrix* m_; |
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439 | gsl_matrix_view* view_; |
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440 | const gsl_matrix_const_view* view_const_; |
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441 | // proxy_m_ is used to access the proper underlying gsl_matrix in |
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442 | // all const member functions. It is not used by design for |
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443 | // non-const vector functions and operators. This is to make sure |
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444 | // that runtime errors occur if a const matrix is used in an |
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445 | // inappropriate manner such as on left hand side in assignment |
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446 | // (remember, m_ is null for const matrix views). |
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447 | const gsl_matrix* proxy_m_; |
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448 | }; |
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449 | |
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450 | /** |
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451 | \brief Check if all elements of the matrix are zero. |
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452 | |
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453 | \return True if all elements in the matrix is zero, false |
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454 | othwerwise. |
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455 | */ |
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456 | bool isnull(const matrix&); |
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457 | |
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458 | /** |
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459 | \brief Get the maximum value of the matrix. |
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460 | |
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461 | \return The maximum value of the matrix. |
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462 | */ |
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463 | double max(const matrix&); |
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464 | |
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465 | /** |
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466 | \brief Get the minimum value of the matrix. |
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467 | |
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468 | \return The minimum value of the matrix. |
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469 | */ |
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470 | double min(const matrix&); |
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471 | |
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472 | /** |
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473 | \brief Locate the maximum and minumum element in the matrix. |
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474 | |
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475 | \return The indecies to the element with the minimum and maximum |
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476 | values of the matrix, respectively. |
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477 | |
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478 | \note Lower index has precedence (searching in row-major order). |
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479 | */ |
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480 | void minmax_index(const matrix&, |
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481 | std::pair<size_t,size_t>& min, |
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482 | std::pair<size_t,size_t>& max); |
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483 | |
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484 | /** |
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485 | \brief Create a matrix \a flag indicating NaN's in another matrix |
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486 | \a templat. |
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487 | |
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488 | The \a flag matrix is changed to contain 1's and 0's only. A 1 |
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489 | means that the corresponding element in the \a templat matrix is |
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490 | valid and a zero means that the corresponding element is a NaN. |
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491 | |
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492 | \note Space for matrix \a flag is reallocated to fit the size of |
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493 | matrix \a templat if sizes mismatch. |
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494 | |
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495 | \return True if the \a templat matrix contains at least one NaN. |
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496 | */ |
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497 | bool nan(const matrix& templat, matrix& flag); |
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498 | |
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499 | /** |
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500 | \brief Exchange all elements between the matrices by copying. |
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501 | |
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502 | The two matrices must have the same size. |
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503 | |
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504 | \throw GSL_error if either index is out of bounds. |
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505 | */ |
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506 | void swap(matrix&, matrix&); |
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507 | |
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508 | /** |
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509 | \brief The output operator for the matrix class. |
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510 | */ |
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511 | std::ostream& operator<< (std::ostream& s, const matrix&); |
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512 | |
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513 | /** |
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514 | \brief vector matrix multiplication |
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515 | */ |
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516 | vector operator*(const matrix&, const vector&); |
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517 | |
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518 | /** |
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519 | \brief matrix vector multiplication |
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520 | */ |
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521 | vector operator*(const vector&, const matrix&); |
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522 | |
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523 | }}} // of namespace utility, yat, and theplu |
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524 | |
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525 | #endif |
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