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2014
Amaro, P., C. I. Szabo, S. Schlesser, A. Gumberidze, E. G. Kessler, A. Henins, E. O. Le Bigot, M. Trassinelli, J. M. Isac, P. Travers, M. Guerra, J. P. Santos, and P. Indelicato. "A vacuum double-crystal spectrometer for reference-free X-ray spectroscopy of highly charged ions." Radiation Physics and Chemistry 98 (2014): 132-149. AbstractWebsite

Radiation Physics and Chemistry, 98 + (2014) 132-149. doi:10.1016/j.radphyschem.2014.01.015

Rahangdale, H. V., M. Guerra, P. K. Das, S. De, J. P. Santos, D. Mitra, and S. Saha. "Determination of subshell-resolved <span class="aps-inline-formula"><math><mi>L</mi></math></span>-shell-ionization cross sections of gold induced by 15–40-keV electrons." Physical Review A 89 (2014): 052708. AbstractWebsite
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Amaro, P., C. I. Szabo, S. Schlesser, A. Gumberidze, E. G. Kessler, A. Henins, E. O. Le Bigot, M. Trassinelli, J. M. Isac, P. Travers, M. Guerra, J. P. Santos, and P. Indelicato. "A vacuum double-crystal spectrometer for reference-free X-ray spectroscopy of highly charged ions." Radiation Physics and Chemistry 98 (2014): 132-149. AbstractWebsite

Radiation Physics and Chemistry, 98 + (2014) 132-149. doi:10.1016/j.radphyschem.2014.01.015

Rahangdale, H. V., M. Guerra, P. K. Das, S. De, J. P. Santos, D. Mitra, and S. Saha. "Determination of subshell-resolved <span class="aps-inline-formula"><math><mi>L</mi></math></span>-shell-ionization cross sections of gold induced by 15–40-keV electrons." Physical Review A 89 (2014): 052708. AbstractWebsite
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Santos, I., M. S. Diniz, M. L. Carvalho, and J. P. Santos. "Assessment of Essential Elements and Heavy Metals Content on Mytilus galloprovincialis from River Tagus Estuary." Biological Trace Element Research (2014). AbstractWebsite

Trace elemental content was analysed in edible tissues of Mytilus galloprovincialis collected in five different sampling areas near the mouth of river Tagus estuary in Lisbon. The concentrations of essential elements (S, K, Ca, Fe, Cu, Zn, As, Br and Sr) were determined by energy-dispersive X-ray fluorescence (EDXRF) spectrometry, while toxic elements (Cr, Cd, Hg, Se and Pb) were measured by inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometry (ICP-AES). The results show that the essential elements K and S are present at the highest concentrations in all the studied samples reaching 2,920 and 4,520 μg g(-1) (fresh weight), respectively. The highest levels of heavy metals found were in two areas close to the city for Pb and Cd, but below the maximum allowed values.

Katriel, Jacob, J. P. Marques, P. Indelicato, A. M. Costa, M. C. Martins, J. P. Santos, and F. Parente. "Approach towards the critical charge of some excited states of the Be isoelectronic series." Physical Review A 90 (2014): 052519-5. AbstractWebsite
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Guimarães, D., J. P. Santos, M. L. Carvalho, M. S. Diniz, B. House, and V. M. Miller. "Analytical evidence of heterogeneous lead accumulation in the hypothalamic defence area and nucleus tractus solitarius." NeuroToxicology 44 (2014): 91-97. AbstractWebsite

Lead is a potent toxicant associated with adverse cardiovascular effects and hypertension in children. Yet, few studies have determined if autonomic dysfunction associated with lead exposure involves brain regions which regulate autonomic responses. Central autonomic nuclei such as the nucleus tractus solitarius (NTS) and hypothalamic defence area (HDA) may be particularly sensitive to lead infiltration because they are adjacent to ventricles and areas with semi-permeable blood-brain-barriers. To understand if autonomic nuclei are sensitive to lead accumulation Wistar rats were exposed to lead from the gestational period and lead levels were quantified in brain regions that regulate arterial pressure: the NTS and the HDA. Energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence (EDXRF) was used to quantify total brain lead levels and revealed no differences between exposed and control tissues; measured values were close to the detection limit (2μg/g). Electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry (ETAAS) was also used, which has a greater sensitivity, to quantify lead. There was ∼2.1μg/g lead in the NTS and ∼3.1μg/g lead in the HDA of exposed rats, and no lead in the control rats. There were greater lead levels in the HDA (∼50%) as compared with the NTS. Pathology studies revealed more prominent lead granules in the HDA as compared with the NTS. Increased microglia and astrocyte activation was also noted in the NTS of lead exposed rats as compared with the HDA. Regional differences in neuro-inflammatory responses likely contribute to heterogeneous lead accumulation, with enhanced clearance of lead in the NTS. Future studies will resolve the mechanisms underpinning tissue-specific lead accumulation.

Guimarães, D., J. P. Santos, M. L. Carvalho, M. S. Diniz, B. House, and V. M. Miller. "Analytical evidence of heterogeneous lead accumulation in the hypothalamic defence area and nucleus tractus solitarius." NeuroToxicology 44 (2014): 91-97. AbstractWebsite

Lead is a potent toxicant associated with adverse cardiovascular effects and hypertension in children. Yet, few studies have determined if autonomic dysfunction associated with lead exposure involves brain regions which regulate autonomic responses. Central autonomic nuclei such as the nucleus tractus solitarius (NTS) and hypothalamic defence area (HDA) may be particularly sensitive to lead infiltration because they are adjacent to ventricles and areas with semi-permeable blood-brain-barriers. To understand if autonomic nuclei are sensitive to lead accumulation Wistar rats were exposed to lead from the gestational period and lead levels were quantified in brain regions that regulate arterial pressure: the NTS and the HDA. Energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence (EDXRF) was used to quantify total brain lead levels and revealed no differences between exposed and control tissues; measured values were close to the detection limit (2μg/g). Electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry (ETAAS) was also used, which has a greater sensitivity, to quantify lead. There was ∼2.1μg/g lead in the NTS and ∼3.1μg/g lead in the HDA of exposed rats, and no lead in the control rats. There were greater lead levels in the HDA (∼50%) as compared with the NTS. Pathology studies revealed more prominent lead granules in the HDA as compared with the NTS. Increased microglia and astrocyte activation was also noted in the NTS of lead exposed rats as compared with the HDA. Regional differences in neuro-inflammatory responses likely contribute to heterogeneous lead accumulation, with enhanced clearance of lead in the NTS. Future studies will resolve the mechanisms underpinning tissue-specific lead accumulation.

Santos, Jose Paulo, Maria Conceição Martins, Ana Maria Costa, José Pires Marques, Paul Indelicato, and Fernando Parente. "Theoretical determination of K X-ray transition energy and probability values for highly charged ions of lanthanum and cerium." The European Physical Journal D 68 (2014): 244. AbstractWebsite
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Santos, Jose Paulo, Maria Conceição Martins, Ana Maria Costa, José Pires Marques, Paul Indelicato, and Fernando Parente. "Theoretical determination of K X-ray transition energy and probability values for highly charged ions of lanthanum and cerium." The European Physical Journal D 68 (2014): 244. AbstractWebsite
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2015
Ito, Y., T. Tochio, S. Fukushima, A. Taborda, J. M. Sampaio, J. P. Marques, F. Parente, P. Indelicato, and J. P. Santos. "Experimental and theoretical determination of the Kα2/Kα1 intensity ratio for zinc." Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy andRadiative Transfer 151 (2015): 295-299. AbstractWebsite

X-ray intensity ratios, such as the Kα2/Kα1 ratio, are parameters with a large application in atomic physics and related scientific and technological areas. D.

Guerra, M., P. Amaro, J. Machado, and J. P. Santos. "Modified Binary-Encounter-Bethe Model for Electron Impact Ionization Cross Sections of Highly Charged Ions ." Journal of Physics: Conference Series 635 (2015): 052067. AbstractWebsite
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Sampaio, J. M., T. I. Madeira, F. Parente, P. Indelicato, J. P. Santos, and J. P. Marques. "Relativistic calculations of M-shell photoionization and X-ray production cross-sections for Hg at 5.96 keV excitation energy." Radiation Physics and Chemistry 107 (2015): 36. AbstractWebsite

In this work we calculate photoionization and X-ray production cross-sections (XPCS) of M-shell vacancies in Hg at incident photon energy of 5.96 keV (low.

Madeira, T. I., J. M. Sampaio, M. Guerra, F. Parente, P. Indelicato, J. P. Santos, and J. P. Marques. "Relativistic calculation of K-, L- and M-shell x-ray fluorescence yields for Ba." Physica Scripta 90 (2015): 1-3. AbstractWebsite

Physica Scripta, 90(2015) 054009. doi:10.1088/0031-8949/90/5/054009

Guerra, M., S. C. Pé-Leve Santos, A. M. E. Barroso, C. P. S. Fonseca, M. Eloy Cruz, P. Amaro, J. L. Figueirinhas, M. L. Carvalho, and J. P. Santos. "Spatially resolved determination of toxic trace elements in plants of Panasqueira mining region using micro X-ray fluorescence." Microscopy and Microanalysis 21 (2015): 54-55. AbstractWebsite
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Guerra, M., P. Amaro, J. Machado, and J. P. Santos. "Single differential electron impact ionization cross sections in the binary-encounter- Bethe approximation for the low binding energy regime." Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics 48 (2015): 1-9. AbstractWebsite

Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics, 48(2015) 185202. doi:10.1088/0953-4075/48/18/185202

Guerra, M., J. M. Sampaio, T. I. Madeira, F. Parente, P. Indelicato, J. P. Marques, J. P. Santos, J. Hoszowska, Cl J. Dousse, L. Loperetti, F. Zeeshan, M. Muller, R. Unterumsberger, and B. Beckhoff. "Theoretical and experimental determination of L-shell decay rates, line widths, and fluorescence yields in Ge." Physical Review A 92 (2015): 022507-9. AbstractWebsite
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Amaro, Pedro, Beatrice Franke, Julian J. Krauth, Marc Diepold, Filippo Fratini, Laleh Safari, Jorge Machado, Aldo Antognini, Franz Kottmann, Paul Indelicato, Randolf Pohl, and Jose Paulo Santos. "Quantum interference effects in laser spectroscopy of muonic hydrogen, deuterium, and helium-3." Physical Review A 92 (2015): 022514-7. AbstractWebsite
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Benis, E. P., S. Doukas, T. J. M. Zouros, P. Indelicato, F. Parente, C. Martins, J. P. Santos, and J. P. Marques. "Evaluation of the effective solid angle of a hemispherical deflector analyser with injection lens for metastable Auger projectile states." Nuclear Inst. and Methods in Physics Research, B 365 (2015): 457-461. AbstractWebsite

Nuclear Inst. and Methods in Physics Research, B, 365 (2015) 457-461. doi:10.1016/j.nimb.2015.07.006

Amaro, Pedro, Filippo Fratini, Laleh Safari, Aldo Antognini, Paul Indelicato, Randolf Pohl, and Jose Paulo Santos. "Quantum interference shifts in laser spectroscopy with elliptical polarization." Physical Review A 92 (2015): 062506-5. AbstractWebsite
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Safari, L., J. P. Santos, P. Amaro, K. Jankala, and F. Fratini. "Analytical evaluation of atomic form factors: Application to Rayleigh scattering." Journal of Mathematical Physics 56 (2015): 052105-9. AbstractWebsite
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Diepold, Marc, Luis M. P. Fernandes, Jorge Machado, Pedro Amaro, Marwan Abdou-Ahmed, Fernando D. Amaro, Aldo Antognini, François Biraben, Tzu-Ling Chen, Daniel S. Covita, Andreas J. Dax, Beatrice Franke, Sandrine Galtier, Andrea L. Gouvea, Johannes Götzfried, Thomas Graf, Theodor W. Hänsch, Malte Hildebrandt, Paul Indelicato, Lucile Julien, Klaus Kirch, Andreas Knecht, Franz Kottmann, Julian J. Krauth, Yi-Wei Liu, Cristina M. B. Monteiro, Françoise Mulhauser, Boris Naar, Tobias Nebel, François Nez, Jose Paulo Santos, Joaquim M. F. dos Santos, Karsten Schuhmann, Csilla I. Szabo, David Taqqu, João F. C. A. Veloso, Andreas Voss, Birgit Weichelt, and Randolf Pohl. "Improved x-ray detection and particle identification with avalanche photodiodes." Review of Scientific Instruments 86 (2015): 053102-7. AbstractWebsite
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Guerra, M., Th Stöhlker, P. Amaro, J. Machado, and J. P. Santos. "Electron impact ionization cross-sections for few-electron uranium ions." Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics 48 (2015): 1-5. AbstractWebsite

Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics, 48(2015) 144027. doi:10.1088/0953-4075/48/14/144027

Sampaio, J. M., T. I. Madeira, M. Guerra, F. Parente, J. P. Santos, P. Indelicato, and J. P. Marques. "Dirac-Fock calculations of K−, L−, and M-shell fluorescence and Coster-Kronig yields for Ne, Ar, Kr, Xe, Rn, and Uuo." Physical Review A 91 (2015): 052507. AbstractWebsite
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