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Garon-Roca, J., J. M. Sena-Cruz, P. Fernandes, and J. Xavier. "Effect of wet-dry cycles on the bond behaviour of concrete elements strengthened with NSM CFRP laminate strips." Composite Structures. 132 (2015): 331-340. AbstractWebsite

Abstract The near-surface mounted (NSM) strengthening technique is capable of effectively increase the bearing capacity of structural concrete elements. This technique which basically consists of placing \{FRP\} reinforcements inside small grooves cut in the concrete cover, has been widely investigated in terms of structural performance and ability to improve the flexural and shear behaviour of reinforced concrete beams and columns. However, little research has been carried out concerning to the \{NSM\} long-term performance and durability. Motivated by the need of increasing the knowledge on the expected durability of the \{NSM\} technique using \{CFRP\} laminates, this paper presents an experimental program in which direct pull-out tests are carried out for evaluating the bond behaviour of specimens aged through wet-dry cycles. A total of 30 specimens are tested, analysing the effect of the bond length, the groove width, the groove depth and the aging effect on the bond behaviour. Digital image correlation method is also used to identify the bond resistant mechanism developed in an element strengthened using \{NSM\} technique. Finally, using the experimental results, an analytical�numerical strategy is applied to establish the local bond stress�slip relationship.

Ghiassi, B., J. Xavier, D. V. Oliveira, and P. B. Lourenço. "Application of digital image correlation in investigating the bond between FRP and masonry." Composite Structures. 106 (2013): 340-349. Abstract


Ghiassi, B., J. Xavier, D. V. Oliveira, A. Kwiecien, P. B. Lourenço, and B. Zajac. "Evaluation of the bond performance in FRP-brick components re-bonded after initial delamination." Composite Structures. 123 (2015): 271-281. Abstract

Abstract The bond behavior between Fiber Reinforced Polymers (FRPs) and masonry substrates has been the subject of many studies during the last years. Recent accelerated aging tests have shown that bond degradation and \{FRP\} delamination are likely to occur in FRP-strengthened masonry components under hygrothermal conditions. While an investigation on the possible methods to improve the durability of these systems is necessary, the applicability of different bond repair methods should also be studied. This paper aims at investigating the debonding mechanisms after repairing delaminated FRP-strengthened masonry components. FRP-strengthened brick specimens, after being delaminated, are repaired with two different adhesives: a conventional epoxy resin and a highly flexible polymer. The latter is used as an innovative adhesive in structural applications. The bond behavior in the repaired specimens is investigated by performing single-lap shear bond tests. Digital image correlation (DIC) is used for deeper investigation of the surface deformation and strains development. The effectiveness of the repair methods is discussed and compared with the strengthened specimens.

Gomes, F., J. Xavier, and H. Koerber. "High strain rate compressive behaviour of wood on the transverse plane." Procedia Structural Integrity. 17 (2019): 900-905. AbstractWebsite

The high strain rate compressive behaviour of Pinus pinaster Ait. wood along the radial and tangential material axes was addressed in this work. Both quasi-static and dynamic tests were considered for comparation purposes. The quasi-static compression tests were performed on rectangular prismatic specimens along the radial and tangential directions coupled with digital image correlation. The high strain rate tests were carried out using a classical split-Hopkinson pressure bar coupled with a high-speed imaging system allowing independent kinematic measurements through digital image correlation. From these tests and material symmetry orientations, the constitutive curves were determined from which the Young modulus, Poisson’s ratio and yield stress were evaluated and compared over the two different regimes over the strain rate spectrum. The mechanical properties observed for this species under quasi-static compression loading agree with reference values. A qualitative comparison between quasi-static and high strain rate regimes reveals a significant increase of some mechanical properties by increasing the strain rate. Quantitatively, by comparing mean values at the two strain rates, it was found that, in the radial direction, the modulus of elasticity increased by 6.3%, the yield stress showed an increase of 130.3% and the Poisson’s ratio is slightly higher by 3.0%. Furthermore, in the tangential direction, it was found that the modulus of elasticity increased by 21.9% while the value of the yield stress showed an increase of 111.8%, and finally the Poisson‘s ratio presented a reduction of 24.3%.