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Malan, AG, JP Meyer, PJ Coelho, and D. Aelenei. "Application of high-order spatial resolution schemes to the hybrid finite volume/finite element method for radiative transfer in participating media." International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow. 18 (2008): 173-184. AbstractWebsite

Purpose ? This paper sets out to implement bounded high?order (HO) resolution schemes in a hybrid finite volume/finite element method for the solution of the radiative transfer equation. Design/methodology/approach ? The hybrid finite volume/finite element method had formerly been developed using the step scheme, which is only first?order accurate, for the spatial discretization. Here, several bounded HO resolution schemes, namely the MINMOD, CLAM, MUSCL and SMART schemes, formulated using the normalized variable diagram, were implemented using the deferred correction procedure. Findings ? The results obtained reveal an interaction between spatial and angular discretization errors, and show that the HO resolution schemes yield improved accuracy over the step scheme if the angular discretization error is small. Research limitations/implications ? Although the HO resolution schemes reduce the spatial discretization error, they do not influence the angular discretization error. Therefore, the global error is only reduced if the angular discretization error is also small. Practical implications ? The use of HO resolution schemes is only effective if the angular refinement yields low?angular discretization errors. Moreover, spatial and angular refinement should be carried out simultaneously. Originality/value ? The paper extends a methodology formerly developed in computational fluid dynamics, and aimed at the improvement of the solution accuracy, to the hybrid finite volume/finite element method for the solution of the radiative transfer equation.

Mendes, Ana, Daniel Aelenei, L. Aguiar, C. Pereira, M. Neves, Silva P, Azevedo Susana, D. Mendes, L. Guimar, and J. Teixeira. "The Effects on Health of Indoor Air Quality and Thermal Comfort In Elderly Care Centers." 2nd International Conference on Occupational & Environmental Toxicology. 2013. Abstract
Mendes, Ana, Daniel Aelenei, Ana Luisa Papoila, Pedro Carreiro-Martins, Livia Aguiar, Cristiana Pereira, Paula Neves, Susana Azevedo, Manuela Cano, Carmo Proenca, and others. "Environmental and Ventilation Assessment in Child Day Care Centers in Porto: The Envirh Project." Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health, Part A. 77 (2014): 931-943. Abstract

Children attending day care centers (CDCC) have been reported to be more prone to infectious diseases when compared with those cared for at home, and are exposed to conditions that may increase the risk of allergies and asthma. Several studies revealed that consequences of poor ventilation conditions include high levels of carbon dioxide (CO2) and many other indoor pollutants commonly detected in schools. Nine child day care centers were selected randomly to participate in this study. Fifty-two classrooms were assessed for chemical, biological, physical, and allergen parameters in spring and winter seasons in these nine CDCC located in Porto, Portugal. Outdoor measurements were also conducted for comparison. Our results indicated that (i) particulate matter (PM10) median levels were above the national reference levels, both by classroom type and by season; (ii) TVOC kindergarten peak values may raise some concern; (iii) CO2 was present at high median and maximum levels during spring and winter assessment in both nurseries and kindergartens classrooms; (iv) total bacteria concentrations were 57- and 52-fold higher in the nursery and kindergarten than outdoors, respectively, for the spring season; (v) winter and spring median predicted mean vote (PMV) indices were between "neutral" (0) and "slightly cool" (? -1) in the thermal sensation scale for comfort situations (-2 to 2) for both types of classrooms; (vi) there were significant differences for both PMV and predicted percentage of dissatisfied (PPD) indices by season; and (vii) CO2, total bacteria, and gram-negative bacteria were associated with low airflow rates. These data will help to evaluate the effectiveness of current building operation practices in child day care centers regarding indoor air quality and respiratory health.

Mendes, Ana Sofia, Maria Amalia Botelho, Ana Luisa Papoila, João Viegas, Daniel Aelenei, Paixão, P. Paquete, Iolanda Caires, Susana Azevedo, Pedro Martins, J. Martins, C. Pedro, P. Neves, Nuno Neuparth, and João Teixeira. "Geria Project preliminary study on indoor air quality and health related quality of life in elderly care centers." CISE 2012, Conference. 2012. Abstract